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The Jubilee Count to the End, and 2024-2028

Can we calculate the specific year that Christ will return on? Maybe, however the conclusions expressed are subject to change and I’m updating this whenever I think it needs amending!

In a nutshell, the details below reexamine a prophecy in the book of Daniel, that reveals new information that:

1) Shows the correct year of Jesus’ crucifixion.

2) Calculates to the SECOND rebuilding of the walls in Jerusalem. (It was prophecied over 2000 years ago, and it comes to the exact year it was rebuilt, LESS than 500 years ago!)

3) Calculates the most likely year for the SECOND COMING of Christ – just a few years from now.

Key Takeaways
Although the explanation is complicated, the calculations themselves are fairly simple. You can easily do this arithmetic yourself for verification.
* The 7 x 7 x 70 count up to the fall of Mystery Babylon fits perfectly into all the other uses of 7 throughout the Bible, and is 100% consistent with other usages of this Biblical number.
* You won’t need to wait long to see if all this is true or not!

The Jubilee Count

Some may not realise it, but the Biblical Jubilee pictures the coming reign of Christ, when men are set free from Satan’s bondage. It’s introduced in Leviticus, with various instructions about keeping it. Eg. Lev 25:10.

God’s true Jubilee count occurs every 49 years, see Lev 25:8, not every 50 years, as I and many others have thought in the past.

Each count is a total of 7 times 7, which comes to 49. The fiftieth year occurs on the first year of the NEXT 49 year count.

It’s like saying Sunday is on the eighth day of a 7 day week, but we still count weeks consecutively in 7’s.

Jubilee Years & Daniel’s Prophecy

Daniel 9:25,26 has been translated very poorly. It may have lost clarity going from Aramaic, to Hebrew, to English. as the original may have been written in Aramaic.

I’m not a Hebrew scholar, and you’re welcome to research it yourself. This is the Interlinear for verse 25 (read words in red from right side to left side) :

The numbers in the Hebrew text include 7 and then ‘sevened weeks,’ and then 60, and 2, (word number H8147), but the TWO here probably means a SECOND time, or double, or a second block of 7’s. Examples of Strong’s word H8147 being used to mean double are in Exodus 22:4,7,9 and 2Kings 2:9.

Notice it says again, and two, which could mean repeat, a second time.

A better paraphrase of Dan 9:25 might go something like:

“Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, unto Messiah the Prince, shall be 7 times 70 weeks (which is ten jubilees – that is, 490 years). Then later, on the 60th Jubilee, add a second group of 7 (another 490 year block). The street shall be built AGAIN, and the walls (although some translations say moat [Youngs Literal says rampart, which means defensive wall]), even in troublous times.”

Add 490 years to the year of the Decree that was given by Artaxerses (Ezra chapter 7), in 457 BC, and we get 33 AD, or it could be 32 AD. That’s because Biblical Jubilee years don’t start or end the same time as ours. They begin on Atonement – See Lev 25:8,9 and 10 and 13. This is very confusing to me, as Exodus 12:2 says the year starts around Passover season.

However, the next verse, Dan 9:26 may be saying that Messiah is cut off in the middle of a 7. If I subtract half a week, it is half of the last 7 years, and so, if the above count was correct for 32 AD, that would require subtracting 4 from 32, making 28 AD, which fits this interpretation of the prophecy exactly!

Several of my other research sources, such as the website also estimate that the crucifixion was in 28 AD. It’s backed up by adding 30 to the time of Jesus birth about 4 BC. There are many references to the year of birth, but I’ll just use this wikipedia reference.

Add 30 because that’s the age Jesus started his ministry, see Luke 3:23.

4 BC + 30 = 26 AD, then subtract 1 equals about 25 AD. That calculates to the start of Jesus’ ministry. Then add 3 and a half, and you have the crucifixion date of 28 AD.

Some people argue that Jesus only had a 70 week ministry, not 3 1/2 years. If that’s correct, the crucifixion date may still calculate to 28 AD, so far as I can tell, weighing up lots of information from many sources. But that date is less important to establish than which date to calculate the second coming from!

I won’t dwell more on the calculations for Jesus first coming, because you don’t actually need those dates to calculate the approximate date of the SECOND coming. Let’s focus on the calculation for second coming, which calculates to 2028, only four years from now!

The Exact Year?

There’s a countdown clock on the 2028end website. I’m not confident about which day, but let’s continue with Daniel 9.29

I believe Daniel 9:25 is actually saying that on the 60th Jubilee of the crossing of the Jordan in 1406 BC there will be a second decree to rebuild Jerusalem.

Multiply 49 (the length of a Jubilee period) by 60 and add it to 1406 BC when Israel crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land. Also SUBTRACT 1 to account for no year 0.

(The 1406 BC Jordan crossing Jubilee is found in these two offsite links: The Apocryphon of Joshua, Fragment 12 and The Israelites cross the River Jordan – The Bible Journey)

The rebuilding calculation comes to 1536 AD, but may also be 1537 AD, to be the year that rebuilding the walls started. Because a new Jubilee year starts in September or October, if it was after the new year in 1536, then we do have a perfect match for 1537.

That prophecy was fulfilled by “Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent!” who was the ruler of the Ottoman empire at that time.

The command was given in 1535 AD.

Ref. #1 wikipedia date reference here. Was it given before or after October, and does the command matter, or is it the years for building that matter?

Ref. #2 The second building of the wall by Suleiman is mentioned in this video which shows the actual inscription commemorating the rebuilding date, which he places at 1538, but, as above, it seems the command to rebuild was actually given in 1535.

(The relevant part of the video goes between the 2 1/2 minute mark to the 3 1/2 minute mark.)

The fact that there is an exact match in history for a second command to rebuild Jerusalem and it’s walls, in (it looks like) the exact year predicted in Daniel, strongly indicates that the “2 again” in verse 25 in the Interlinear, does, in fact, mean to do a second calculation from the second building of the wall.

Also, if you were to multiply by 50 instead of 49 for consecutive jubilees, there is no match; so this also argues in favour of 49 vs 50 for counting purposes.

The prophecy says to count a second set of 490 years from the 60th Jubilee rebuilding date, and because we got an exact Jubilee match at 1537, we need to count another 490 years to 2027. The Jubilee comes the following year, after the consecutive 49 year counts.

1537 + 490 = 2027 + 1 = 2028

Looking at the prophecy this way, you find an exact match for (1) the crucifixion year, (2) the building of the second wall in 1537, and (3) the return of Jesus exactly 2,000 years after he left.

(I think counting from 1537 is correct. But could you count from the completion of rebuilding, 3 or 4 years later, as referenced in Wikipedia? That could take you to 2030, or 2031.)

Anther Prophecy – Babylon’s Punishment

In Jeremiah 25:12 it says Babylon is to be punished after 70 years, and everybody links this to the previous verse, in Jer 25:11,

I believe this is a dual prophecy, and the second part refers to Mystery Babylon (see Rev 17:5). The word ‘years‘ in Jer 25:12 simply means a division of time, not always single years. Often the division of time is in years, but the division of time in Jer 25:12 is quite possibly referencing Jubilee divisions of time!

How do I know?

The land was prophecied to be an everlasting waste. Has this fully happened yet? Maybe, but it’s debatable. Hillah, in Iraq, is a modern city of half a million people, and it’s only 11 kilometres away.

My main reason for believing this, is that the timing matches the Daniel 9 prophecy. Let’s calculate when ‘Babylon’ is to be punished, using 70 Jubilee divisions of time (usually translated as 70 years).

After 70 Jubilee Years

Jubilee years are counted starting from when Israel entered the promised land, crossing the Jordan in 1406 BC. Lev 25:1-12. (Again, you can get proof of this date elsewhere.) Which year does counting forward seventy 49 year blocks (as per Jer 25:12) from 1406 BC take us to?

70 x 49 = 3430 years. We must remember to subtract 1 to compensate for there being no year zero. Then I’m adding 1, because the Jubilee itself occurs on years following 49, so we arrive back at adding 3430 to negative 1406 (BC).

Answer: Counting this way, from start to finish, ends in the year 2024 AD, however, I still may have to add 1 again, as I don’t know if the event actually occurs on the year after or not, because the Hebrew calendar may begin the new year in October on Atonement 2024.

Six places in Revelation refer to the end time Babylon in symbolic terms, eg. Rev 17:5, & Rev 18:21. This mystery Babylon can primarily be identified as the USA, or, it may be a well known church! A number of books on this subject provide more details, claiming it’s the USA. The USA is a rich nation. Read Rev 18:11-13. Merchants trade with Babylon by ships. Read Rev 18:17,19. There’s more, but that’s also going down a rabbit trail, so I won’t get into it.

Suffice it to say, when the Bible prophesies about the fall of Babylon in the last days, it’s not really referring to the nation of Iraq. Mystery Babylon may be the USA, or it may include the whole world and it’s political and religious systems that go into tribulation.

The time frame fits into Isa 61:2 which indicates God’s vengeance comes at this Jubilee time period right after Isa 61:1.

Jesus quoted the first half of this in Luke 4:16-20, but he stopped half way through verse 2 before reading ‘the day of vengeance.’

Also, notice Isaiah 61:3 follows immediately after Isa 61:2, and it talks about beauty for ashes. Do the ashes come from a nuclear war?

Both Prophecies, and a Spiritual Entrance

Jubilee years started with a physical entrance into the promised land.

70 Jubilees later brings us to the final period of the Jubilee count, and perhaps when all the 49 year counts are complete (after 7x7x70), we may make a spiritual entrance into our promised land. (Go here for more multiplying by 7 examples.)

Seventy and multiples of seven show the perfection and completeness of God’s timing. If we were to use 50’s to multiply by, then seventy Jubilees would not end soon, but the end would have to come much too far into the future. Because there are so many other indications that show we are at the end of this age, it validates the timing.

I still have more details to clarify. But Revelation 10:7, ‘when the mystery of God should be finished,‘ surely includes the punishment of Mystery Babylon and Jesus’ return very soon.

If you’ve followed me through all this, you may be wondering how there can be two different end dates, both based on the Jubilee counting method.

They may both be correct!

Couldn’t God’s word give us a count to Jesus’ return, plus a count to the time of great tribulation for Babylon, or for the world, about 3 1/2 years before? Matthew 24:21, 22 and the whole of Matthew 24 tells you that this is something to watch for, and Matt 24:44 says to be ready… When have you expected these things to happen?

My guestimate – and it’s only a guess, and may be totally wrong, is that October 2024 is a possible month for wars to intensify, and bombs to drop. Seven months later (another 7) in April 2025 the two witnesses may begin a three and a half year countdown (Rev 11:3), and then, September 2028 is a possible date for Christ to return… This is only a guess that I’m making now, months away. It could come and go, with nothing happening. — On the other hand, the timing shows we are somewhere close to the verge of fulfillment for all end time Bible prophecies, and perhaps they may be fulfilled sooner than we think!


This video from the Redacted YouTube channel confirms the current situation.

USA to be Nuked – but when?

This is the most terrifying message I don’t want to see happen. But at least one Bible timeline researcher believes a nuclear attack on the USA WILL happen this year, in 2024.

Are they correct?

This is not my own dated prophecy. I do not have an exact date. I’m referencing some dates predicted by others, but the events come from the Bible first and foremost.

Zechariah’s prophecy

Let’s look at Zechariah’s prophecy of nuclear missiles to begin with.

In 2001 Michael Rood (A Rood Awakening channel) wrote a book called ‘The Mystery of Iniquity.’ In chapter 9 he describes how, in 2020, he came to understand the true meaning of Zechariah Chapter 5.

Zechariah describes an ICBM. It looked to him like a flying scroll, about 10.5 metres long by 1.7 metres in diameter. See Zech 5:1-2. Nuclear missiles have similar dimensions.

The flying scroll (nuclear missile) enters houses, or nations (the word ‘house’ can refer to a nation eg. Ezek 37:11), and consumes timber and stones, Zech 5:4. (A normal scroll is meant for reading; it’s not nearly that large, and it certainly doesn’t consume timber and stones!) It is described as a curse that goes over the whole land, so it could be that the missiles are sent towards Israel, but it also says the curse is sent towards those who swear falsely in God’s name, which to me sounds like those who print on their money ”in God we trust” which is the official motto of the United States.

In the prophecy there is ‘a woman in a basket,’ (Zec 5:7) but Michael discovered the translation for the word woman, shown here, is more accurately rendered as ‘fire’ or ‘fire offering,’ and the phrase is more accurately translated ‘a fire in a container.’

Zec 5:11 is unclear. Is it saying the missile base being referred to is in either Iraq, or Iran (the land of Shinar)? Shinar ”the country of two rivers” can mean Babylon, but in the end time ‘Babylon‘ may predominantly reference the USA, also a country of two main rivers.

Dan Larimer (more on Dan below) says a better rendering of verse 11 would be “And he said to me, to build a fire in the land of Babylon, and it shall arrive and be thrown down upon the ground.”

Dr. E. W. Bullinger says the number 24 is the number of Divine revelation. Given that Michael Rood unravelled this prophecy 24 years ago in about October 2000, and the destruction of the United States may happen in October 2024 according to Dan Larimer’s prophecy research I’ve mentioned below, which is 24 years later, it’s interesting!

The following is a very brief overview of various other probable references in the Bible to nuclear destruction in the end time.

Joel’s prophecy

Joel 2:3 A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.

Isaiah’s prophecy

Isaiah 17:14 At evening time, behold, there is terror! Before morning they are NO MORE. Such will be the portion of those who plunder us. And the lot of those who pillage us.

Isaiah 24 – the whole chapter. But at least read Isa 24:6.

Isaiah Chapter 33 “who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?” is speaking of nuclear fire, not hell fire as some may have supposed.

Jeremiah’s prophecy

Jeremiah 50 and 51. It says four times in these two chapters that Babylon’s destruction comes from the north.** Anciently, so far as I can tell it actually came from the east, but I could be wrong. However, if modern USA is primarily Babylon in prophecy, when you keep going north beyond Canada, you come to Russia.

Relevant nuclear destruction verses may be Jer 50:3, 9, 23, 29, 39, 40, 46. Verse 40 is especially telling.

Chapter 51 gets even more specific.

Jer 51:2, 3, 26, 29, 30, 32, 33, 37, 43, 57, 58, 62.

Daniel’s prophecy

Daniel 9 – last part of verse 26 (BSB) says: The end will come like a flood, and until the end there will be war; desolations have been decreed.

I’ve seemingly pulled this out of context, but it may actually be talking about this year, according to Daniel Larimer (who is the Steemit /BitShares /EOS Blockchain multimillionaire, and can be found on his YouTube: ByteMaster channel).

Dan has an alternate translation of verses 25 and 26. Details are here: It’s a very long study, plus Dan and I don’t necessarily agree about the timing of a rapture, and some other things, but Dan concludes that the prophecy is pointing to around the 9th of October 2024 AD. You can study it for yourself, and draw your own conclusions.


The sign of Jonah appears to have been the two eclipses over the USA that most people have already forgotten. I don’t agree with everything Troy Brewer says (same with Michael Rood and Dan Larimer), but he was one of the YouTube presenters that explained his take on these events recently.


To save me repeating myself, I touch on some of the verses in Amos, where I speculate about the White House being destroyed, here.

Jesus’ prophecy

Revelation comes from Jesus, Rev 1:1.

Rev 6:12-14 describes nuclear war. Also, the whole of Revelation chapter 18 carries the theme that Babylon is fallen. This is clearly a modern Babylon, and it happens by nukes, in one day. Rev 18:8.

Zephaniah’s prophecy

I believe Zep 3:6 is a nuclear prophecy also.

In fact, there are even more Biblical books and places I haven’t yet mentioned, indicating nuclear annilation, and probably world war, as a result of ignoring God’s words.

If by now you’re thinking you need a place of safety, check this page.

Dumb Dogs

Isa 56:10 calls most of todays priests who wear collars that look like dog collars, dumb dogs. They should be warning people of these prophecies, but they refuse to bark.

However, having read this, the responsibility to act on the information is now yours.

You should not ignore this.

This digitally altered image is sourced from the Radio Church of God’s 1956 booklet called “1975 in prophecy.” The Booklet predicted a future world war iii. The church received a lot of criticism when nothing happened in 1975. However, seven is god’s number for finishing or completing things… When the booklet was published, It was simply a little under 70 years ahead of it’s time, and the title, “1975 in prophecy,” may turn out to have Been 49 years before, or 7 x 7 years in advance Of the actual year of fulfillment… On the other hand, nuclear war may still be delayed for a little while longer.

**In most modern English language countries, including Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, any hostile attack would also most likely come from the north.

How to Remove Mountains

Jesus said, in Mark 11:23 KJV — For verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he saith.I

Really? Isn’t that impossible?

It says we must BELIEVE.

So I’ve written the following with that goal in mind.

Decoding some terms

I’ve covered a lot of ground below, and bolded significant terms in order to explain them.

First, Biblically speaking, what is a mountain?


God uses physical things that we see to help us understand things we can’t see. If you think the mountain being spoken of in Jesus’ words is a metaphor for a problem, well, it is. But a mountain can represent more than that.

We are in a plain on the earth. God is high above us (Isa 55:9) like a mountain, and beneath us, metaphorically speaking, there is a bottomless pit.

Sometimes we are faced with a problem, or a mountain that has raised itself above the plain, often pushing itself higher where it has no right to be.

In Revelation 17:6 there is an evil woman.

In Rev 17:9 she sits on seven mountains.

The woman doesn’t just sit on one city. I believe this is talking about seven nations or countries.

Hab 3:6 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways are everlasting.

The Bible explains that in the future, God’s mountain will prevail over the other mountains:

Isa 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD’S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

Also Micah 4:2 and other places show this.


Next, what is the sea, as a metaphor?

I think the sea often represents spiritually dead people and nations!

Psa 65:7 Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people. Rev 20:13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. Jud 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

Rev 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. Isa 57:20 But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. Psa 98:7, Eze 26:3, etc.

Does that sound like spiritually dead people?

Related words


What are living waters, as opposed to sea?

John 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

Jer 2:13 for my people have committed two evils: they have forsaken me, the fountain of living waters, and hewed out cisterns for themselves, broken cisterns that can hold no water.

Isa 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters (here representing God’s Spirit) cover the sea (representing Satan’s influence).

So far I’ve covered mountains and water. But is there any other mention of someone in the Bible removing mountains?



It seems Zerubbabel can remove mountains!

Zec 4:7 Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.

Who is Zerubbabel?

Hag 2:21 Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth; (also Hag 2:22 & 2:23).

Zerubbabel was a governor of Judah.

From my understanding of history, Judah, in the South, was very slightly more loyal to God than Samaria in the North. They worked to rebuild God’s temple after their return from Babylonian captivity. The Samaritans, in the North, built a rival temple, but in 168 BC the Samaritans sided with the Syrians and named it the Temple of Jupiter!

Zec 4:9 The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house (there are more connections with this word below); his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you.

Zec 4:6 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

So Zerubbabel seems to represent Christ’s spirit working in God’s house or temple.

Zerubbabel holds a plumbline.

Plumbline /measure

You can figure the meaning of plumbline from these verses.

Zec 4:10 For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel with those seven; they are the eyes of the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth.

Also see Amos 7:7, Amos 7:8, and Isa 28:17.

2Ki 21:13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab (Israel’s most wicked king): and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down.

A plumbline in the above verses symbolises judgement, and is used to measure the building of God’s house or temple.


The Jews plan to rebuild God’s destroyed temple in Jerusalem. But genuine Christians should understand that God has already rebuilt His temple – in them!

1 Cor 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

Also see 2 Cor 6:16, and 1 Cor 3:17,

Jesus famously gave the sermon on the mount, or mountain (Matthew 5, 6 & 7). This is the mountain we are to gather from. Hag 1:8 Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.

Hag 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

Christ’s words living in us give us glory. God measures our work building the temple who we are. We have to build according to his standards.

We also are to rise and measure the temple being built in us, with Christ as the chief cornerstone.

Rev 11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. ‘Measure‘, in Strong’s Concordance, means to ascertain in size by a fixed standard.

Again, here are more verses: 1 Cor 3:16, 2 Cor 6:16, and 1 Cor 3:17,

Mic 4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.

Notice, WE are the Lord’s mountain.

We are the house of God, – the temple of God:

We are built on the sure foundation of Jesus in us.

Eph 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;

Col 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:

Isa 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

We have a precious corner stone in us, for us to build upon.

Mic 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

We are Zion, the house of the Lord, the mountain of God. Matt 21:5

Isa 40:9 O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!

Check the verses in this screenshot:

According to the verses above, in future, Jerusalem or Zion, which refers to Christians, will not be intimidated by a mountain because they will BE the higher mountain.

GOD dwells in this high mountain, and for Christians, God dwells in us now.

We are the house. We are the temple, and we have the Zerubbabel authority to move the other mountains into a plain.

We can move mountains, and with God’s help overcome ANY obstacle.

Before us, all other mountains will become a plain!

Practical Application

The way I understand Jesus words, he’s saying whosoever shall say unto this mountain, or problem, whether it be a small problem, or nation sized, “be removed, and cast into the sea (or realm of the dead?),” and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that Christ lives in him, who has authority that, like a mountain, is above all things to command those things, that which he says will come to pass!


In time I may add some more to this study, as it’s not perfect. But if any of the verses above increase your faith, I encourage you to do your own word study, and see where it leads you.


This section is following on from the above, but is only partially complete…

A mountain, if it’s not God’s mountain, is a work of the devil…

2Thes2:3-4 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself ABOVE all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God (is temple literal, metaphorical, or both?), shewing himself that he is God.

This is another mountain we are to cast into the sea.

To be continued?

Speculation – Repentant Laodiceans?

The main message to Laodicea is in Revelation Chapter 3. You may already be familiar with it.

In the King James version it reads as follows, and in a Red Letter Bible it’s written in red, as are all the words of Jesus.

14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

The Bible is a message from God in BOOK form, but it also contains short messages that include specific messages sent to you!

If you are part of Jesus spiritual body, then you are part of Jesus church in this end time, so this is also a message given from Jesus, and sent to you

Let’s take a closer look at this message. 

The rest of this post is pure speculation on my part, and may not be 100% correct.

The Laodicean message includes a call to repentance (verse 19). More than mere confession (like Catholicism teaches) is needed.

In my opinion, when they repent, Laodiceans become Philadelphians to whom Jesus comes quickly Rev 3:11 (It says ‘Behold, I come quickly‘ in the KJV, and Strong’s says it means shortly, without delay) even though verse 10 is addressed to those who have now passed away.

The brief message to Philadelphia is written in verses 7 to 12, as follows:

And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.

12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.

Now please follow my train of thought.

The following verses all indicate that Philadelphia and Laodicea may do the work of the two witnesses in Revelation chapter 11.

The Philadelphians are given an open door… Rev 3:8 Jesus is the door. John 10:9. The two witnesses are also given an open door, in that no-one can stop their message. Rev 11:5

Christs followers are sent out to the world with power… Luke 10:19 The witnesses also have power. Rev 11:3 and Rev 11:6. In Rev 3:8 you can read the Philadelphians have “a little strength” but the word ‘little’ can alternatively be translated as a “brief, or short time” of strength (‘little’ is used this way in John 7:33).

They are sent as witnesses… Acts 1:8 Jesus is the true witnesses. Rev 3:14. Jesus’ truth can be in the mouth of two or more witnesses. Matt 18:16 or 2 Cor 13:1 and read Isaiah 43. Look at verses 7, 8 and 10 as follows.

Even every one that is called by my name (prophetically referring to churches of God?): for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

8 Bring forth the blind people that have eyes (this is a match with Rev 3:17), and the deaf that have ears (this is a match with Rev 3:22). (Could this refer to repentant Laodiceans?)

Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, It is truth.

10 Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.

For those who belong to Jesus, Jesus now lives inside them. John 14:18, John 14:20, Romans 8:9,10,11

Jesus is the Comforter and he comes into us through his Spirit. I have a more complete teaching on that subject here.

Witnesses for Jesus carry Jesus’ authority, not their own.

Time may prove me wrong, but I’m speculating that in Revelation 11 the ‘two’ witnesses that are given power (e.g. Rev 11:6) could be you and me, and all those who witness for the truth at the very end! Read About & Why for nicetiming here.

The number two may be symbolic. I realise many people will tell me the two witnesses are Enoch and Elijah and so forth, with other candidates, but I don’t buy that.

People say the church is not mentioned after Revelation chapter 3, but perhaps it is. Could Revelation chapter 11 refer to the last two church groups – Philadelphians and repentant Laodiceans?

Scriptures that Definitely Seem to Connect

Let me show you more matching verses about lampstands, about sleeping, and about anointing that seem to all correlate with each other:

Rev 1:20 says the 7 churches are 7 lampstands.

Matt 25:7 talks about ten virgin’s, who are church members that have been invited to Jesus wedding supper, waking out of sleep and trimming lamps just before Jesus returns.

Zech 4:1 mentions waking from sleep, and Zech 4:2 talks about 7 lamps. ***

Then Zech 4:14 says two of them are two anointed ones.

Laodiceans are told to anoint their eyes in Rev 3:18.

Rev 11:4 says two of the lampstands are two witnesses (see below regarding the two olive trees).

Putting these together, you have churches waking from sleep, trimming their lamps, anointing their eyes, and as anointed ones, witnessing for God.

*** The next verse, Zechariah 4:3, then goes on to talk about olive trees and olive oil. Some think olive trees represent Jews, and from that they deduce that the two witnesses are Jews and Gentiles, but that idea is very problematic. Are the two olive trees two churches, with the oil representing Jesus’ Spirit flowing through them? Did you know that Gethsemane, where Jesus was arrested, means Olive Press! It seems that Christ is the olive tree vine, and we are the branches – John 15:5. (Romans 11:18 etc is often misapplied to say Jews are the root, but it is referring to Christ. Romans 15:12.) Perhaps Christ is also the tree of life (Rev 22:2) from whose side the river flows, which is why the two witnesses can also be two olive trees (Rev 11:4) , and represent God to the world as God’s Spirit flows through them, symbolised by two branches and two trees. John 15:5.

(People can look like trees walking – Mark 8:24.)

Isaiah 61, the last half of verse 3, “that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.”

This subject is continued with the Two Witnesses Message, HERE

Here is Jesus’ email address!

Before I give you Jesusprivate email address, I’d like to mention an email message that, in a sense. you could say Jesus sent to you!

Okay, it’s not exactly an email, but it almost qualifies, and the only reason it doesn’t is because it was written almost 2,000 years ago. It’s like an email because it’s short and punchy, and it’s addressed to the messenger (angel can be translated messenger) of the end-time church today, who of course, knows about email!

It’s in Revelation chapter 3, verses 14 to 21. You may already be familiar with it.

Notice that it begins with a To: and then includes a Subject: – and notice that it says it’s to be written. The first two verses in the King James version read as follows. In a Red Letter Bible it’s written in red, as are all the words of Jesus.

14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

Because that’s in King James language, I want to give you a screenshot from my phone of verse 15 in a modern version.

The start of verse 15 is the relevant section you need to know, to contact Jesus by email!

Because it says Jesus knows our works, or as this version says, he knows everything we do, that gives us, in a sense, Jesus private email address! If we want to, we can write an email to Jesus, and send it to our own address. Because Jesus knows everything we do, when we write to Jesus (and send it to ourself), Jesus will also get it! 

A Very Personal Address

This is especially true for those who belong to Jesus, as Jesus lives inside them. John 14:20

Rev 3:20 in the ’email’ to Laodiceans, Jesus also says he is willing to come in to us.

Wycliffe-Modern translation says “I shall enter to him”

2 Corinthians 13:5 and other verses, show this is more personal than Jesus simply visiting us.

In a very real way, our email address can be Jesus’ email address. That’s because we have a wireless connection to God. If I wanted to be funny I could say God is in the ‘Cloud.’

But I’m actually being serious.

Isaiah 65:24 is another place in the Bible that tells us, in essence, the same thing.

“It will also come to pass that before they call, I will answer; and while they are still speaking, I will hear.”

We don’t need to send Jesus an email, but we could if we wanted to.

The Bible contains a message from God to us in BOOK form, but it also contains short messages, or if you like, emails from God to us written all through it. It includes specific messages sent to you, in real time right now, if you choose to read them. 

In Matthew 6:12 Jesus made it clear we do not need to go through any third party to confess our sins. The Matthew 6 prayer is an example of direct communication with God.

God wants to communicate back and forward directly with you. 

You can use email, or just talk.

If you do send an email you can star it or put it in a box marked important. But Jesus will get the message regardless… 

There is a proviso, I suspect your email may bounce without giving respect, reverence, honesty, and commitment to follow Jesus’ commandments.

How will Jesus reply?

You know that God’s response is not limited to email.

God and Christ will speak into your heart, or through circumstances or things said in your presence, or something you read, or in other ways unknown right now.

Be patient. Luke 21:19

In due time, an answer will come! Jer 33:3, Jer 29:11-13,

And, if you’ve made a request according to God’s will, the answer is, and always will be ‘Yes!’

As it says in 2 Corinthians chapter 1 and verse 20…

For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.

Whatever the Circumstance, God Has You Covered!

When the Israelites came out of Egypt over three thousand years ago, they were delivered from slavey and bondage to the Egyptians. They were supernaturally protected and helped by God.

It was a type that pictures Christians coming out of sin, and being helped by God today.

Today, if you are a follower of Christ you are meant to be separated from the world’s pagan systems and be different from the rest of the world, so that now, you ALSO can be given special miracles and favour from God!

Please note that the Israelites didn’t need to fight their own battles. They were told that God would fight for them. All they needed to do was to hold their peace, and stay calm, be still, or keep silent.
Exodus 14:14 The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

When Moses told the Israelites “the Lord shall fight for you,” it was a promise that we can also apply to ourselves today, because the same principles hold true when we come out of this world’s way of thinking, and trust in God to fight for us.
Psalm 32:10 Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: But he that trusteth in the Lord, mercy shall compass him about.
Deut 20:4. For the Lord your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.

In the Old Testament the Israelites refused to trust God. You can read some of the history in Deuteronomy chapter 1 here. You will see in the last few paragraphs that because of this, the relationship between these disbelieving people and God changed. The wars they fought were not necessary. They didn’t trust God or believe Him, so God allowed them to fight, but it was not His original intention.

Exodus 23:28 And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

God’s original plan was to send hornets to drive Israel’s enemies out of the land for them, so they wouldn’t have to fight!

The battles we face are not usually physical battles against attacking armies. However we do wrestle against spiritual wickedness in high places
Eph 6:12  For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. But also we have everyday circumstances and trials of life to contend with. In every case, if we seek His help, our God will fight all of our battles for us, whether they be difficult circumstances involving our jobs, our transportation, our housing, our health, or whatever.

If we lack faith, God will allow us to fight our own battles, but we don’t need to.

True Christians are separated from the rest of society when they dedicate themselves to living by Biblical principles. 

Read 2Co 6:17 to verify this concept. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you. God made a difference between the Israelites and the Egyptians, and we are to be different today.

This gives us the very same promises of blessing and protection the Israelites had, and then lost, because God shows no favoritism, and He changes not.

Romans 2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God. + Acts 10:34, and Heb 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. + Mal 3:6.

We are protected when we come under the blood and protection of Christ. There are many New and Old Testament verses confirming this.

Examples include:
Exodus 12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
John 6:56 He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.

2Thes 3:3 But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep you from evil.
Deut 31:6 Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the Lord thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.

Even our animals are protected! – see Exodus 9:4 And the Lord shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children’s of Israel.

Also, God gives us sufficient resources for whatever we need.
Phil 4:19 But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.
and 2Cor 9:8 And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work.

Yes, we may still have trials and troubles, but we will be delivered from all of them! Psalms 34:4-6. 

 I sought the Lord, and he heard me,
And delivered me from all my fears.

 They looked unto him, and were lightened:
And their faces were not ashamed.

 This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him,
And saved him out of all his troubles.

Likewise God has us covered with health and healing. See Exodus 15:26  And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the Lord that healeth thee. and Exodus 23:25 And ye shall serve the Lord your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.

Christians are not only given healing for themselves, but they are given the authority to heal others as well, Mark 16:18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt (hinder) them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.

... Comparing translations, they all say that they shall and will lay hands on the sick, and the sick shall and will recover and get well.

Nothing shall be impossible for those who operate in faith.
Matt 17:20 And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.

Phil 4:19 says God will meet ALL our needs. But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.

True Christians have Christ’s guarantee that he will personally help them – John 14:13-14  And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. This of course applies only to true followers of Christ – those who abide in Christ, trust and obey him, and keep his commandments (John 14:15 If ye love me, keep my commandments)

We may even see miracles.

How can this be?

Higher laws exist that take precedent over mere physical law. Just as an airplane uses the law of lift to supersede the law of gravity, spiritual law also supersedes physical law. Miracles are possible because all higher spiritual forces take precedent over lower physical laws.

Christians have been given spiritual authority over this lower physical realm!

Of course, we need faith to effectively use our spiritual authority. Faith comes from hearing, Romans 10:17  So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

When we listen to what God is telling us in the Bible, we will increase our faith. …Then nothing shall be impossible to us – Matt 17:20 And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you. and nothing shall by any means hurt us! – Luke 10:19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt (harm) you.

Therefore, whatever happens to us (Romans 8:38-39 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord) God has it covered!

In the illustration below I reference the account of the disciples taking Jesus into the boat with them, and immediately arriving at their destination… Sea meets sky, heaven meets earth, and all difficulties are overcome when we do the same!

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Kinzhal – The Revelation 6:4 High Dagger?

According to news reports an unstoppable Russian Kinzhal nuclear-capable hypersonic 2,000 km range missile was the first hypersonic missile to be used in the Ukraine war.

The Ukraine war and/or the Israel–Hamas war can easily escalate into World War 3.
Check the video above, and watch the section that gives details on how Kinzhal missiles may play a big part in this.

It’s interesting to note that Kinzhal means a dagger in the Russian language, and it says in Revelation 6:4 that the RED horse (of war) is given a ‘Great Sword.’
And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.

In Greek, according to Strong’s Concordance, the term ‘great sword‘ can also be translated as great, or high, or loud dagger, in English, or KINZHAL in Russian.

The verse in Revelation implies that the Kinzhal, or high dagger, may even be a means by which peace is taken from the earth!

Because the missiles can weave past interceptors, other nations cannot fully defend themselves against this weapon.

So is the Revelation Red Horse prophecy about to unfold to a greater extent, or is that too, just an interesting coincidence?

More here

Timing here

“And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.”


Have you ever watched a YouTube video showing a Pentecostal type of healing service, and been appalled by the lack of dignity, and the irreverence shown during the procedures?

The most well known examples of this type of unholy carry-on can be seen in videos of Benny Hinn meetings, and some other demonstrations of this sort are even worse!

You’re left shaking your head, and wondering how that type of circus carry-on could possibly be endorsed by God.

I strongly believe it’s not! Scripture says it’s not.

See 1 Cor 14:33 and 1 Cor 14:40.

However, could the large number of healings around today all be fake? Are some people actually healed in this modern era?

Is divine healing for today, or not?

I’ve had those sorts of questions for many years.

My main question has been, if some of the healings are genuine, why would God work through people that have such woefully incorrect doctrines?

Let’s look into this more deeply.

I personally believe being “slain in the spirit” IS fully demonic, but not all healings are of demonic origin.

In a video from Curry Blake, talking about many of the early healing ministries, Curry explained that although some of their beliefs were not accurate, their faith in God, that God is still a healer today, WAS accurate, and as a result, God met their faith!

Before you watch any of Curry’s videos, here are a couple of Mike Hoesch videos I recommend first.

Undeniable healing story with video proof.

You can find more Mike Hoesch videos on YouTube.

Most of modern Christianity get it wrong in the way they seek healing. This is explained by Curry Blake. Curry’s teachings are usually good, but not all of Curry’s doctrines or statements are correct.

You can also find Curry Blake videos on YouTube.


The Hem of His Garment

In Mark 5:24-34 there is a story about a woman who touched the hem of Jesus garment and was healed.

However, the story of Jesus’ garment follows on in Mark 6:55 and Mark 6:56. Also Matt 14:36.

The detail about the hem of Jesus’ garment is interesting.

Mark’s account says that just touching Jesus healed them, but in Matthew’s account it appears to say they specifically touched his hem. I don’t know which scenario is most accurate. But could there be a reason to touch his hem?

Actually, yes!

An obvious reason is those who were lying on beds would not have had to reach up so far to do it.

However, for those standing, touching his hem physically, would require BOWING DOWN to Jesus, but because Jesus was God in the flesh, and because humans come from the ground and return to it (see Gen 3:19) and because Jesus came from above (John 8:23) , SYMBOLICALLY, they would have been REACHING UP to touch Jesus’ hem.

In Numbers 15:38-41 there is a command to put a blue ribbon on the hem of garments. Jesus’ garment would have had a hem with a blue ribbon in it. It is said that the blue symbolised the sky, but the Bible indicates touching the blue ribbon symbolised touching all righteousness, which Jesus fulfilled.

The Fringe of Time

There is one more interesting thing about the hem.

Mal 4:2 saysBut unto you that fear (i.e. give worship to/respect) my name, shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his WINGS.

The word WINGS is Strong’s H3670 and means an edge/extremity/border/corner/uttermost part.

In a garment, the edge means the hem. Jesus had healing on the wings, or edges of his garment.

Touching the hem fulfilled prophecy… There is a 2,000 year time gap since Jesus came to earth, and we are living on the EDGE/FRINGE/HEM of prophesied TIME, but healing is still available to us today because, according to that prophecy, Jesus HAS arisen with healing in his wings (or edges).

It’s one more of many promises for healing that you can claim.

It may be as simple as this:

“I am bowing down to Jesus and I am metaphorically reaching up to touch the hem of His garment. I am set free right now… From this day forward, I am fully healed, and I praise God for it. In Jesus’ name & by His authority I command healing. So be it.”


Where can you find Safety in a Time of Trouble? Click Here

INTOLERANCE Can be a Good Thing! / Elijah’s Message

intolerance noun
unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behaviour that differ from one’s own.

The above dictionary definition sounds really, really bad, doesn’t it? In fact, I can’t remember ever having read anything good about intolerance.

But I think it can be a good thing, and here’s why.

God has blessed me with a car that runs on diesel. It delivers more power than a petrol engine of the same size, and it’s quite economical.

If I were to put petrol in it, the result would be quite bad.

That’s because my car is intolerant of petrol.

It doesn’t run on LPG, water, or lemonade either. It simply wasn’t designed for it.

So, I’m fussy about using only diesel.

It’s a CAR, not a blender!

Therefore, when God says DON’T do something…
I don’t!

The same goes for other things in my life. I figure that God, my Creator, knows how humans are meant to function.

This is Why

This is why I try not to put junk food into my body.

I try not to think junk thoughts either, and I’m also fussy about lots of other decisions I make.

Plus I’m quite intolerant towards pagan practices and ideas because they dishonor God and are harmful to my well-being.

Does that make me unloving?

Well NO… It’s the pagan practices, or the pagan politics, that I don’t love. But I can still love the people who are the victims of the deception they embrace.

This is why intolerance can be a good thing.

This is how you can know that people who say you shouldn’t condemn perverts have warped thinking.

Would you prefer a car that runs well, or not?

It should not take long to figure out who really has a message of love, and who doesn’t.

In Exodus 32:8, & 9-10 God was angry with the children of Israel when they made a golden calf for an idol to worship. But Moses pleaded for the people in Exo 32:11 and God accepted his pleas, and didn’t wipe them all out – Exo 32:14.

You might say God was intolerant, but God IS also love, 1 John 4:8.

Some Old Testament Bible stories are challenging to understand. But many quite reasonable Bible concepts are increasingly labeled as ‘hate speech‘ by people who themselves HATE God’s authority.

The premise that the Bible carries no authority also shows a huge lack of understanding. There is ample evidence to respect what the Bible teaches.

Part of the lack of understanding is when we are told that we should tolerate perversion in order to show love.

That’s an amazingly ignorant belief.

It’s like saying I should tolerate putting dirt in my cars fuel tank, and expect it to keep running.

Our society tolerates perversion more and more… and then people wonder why things aren’t going well!

But the answer should be obvious. We can maintain standards and still have love. 1 Cor 13:6-7 is about rejoicing in the truth, with love. It combines both concepts.

God, who IS love, is tolerant towards people, but is also intolerant towards sin.

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness.

Original cartoon: Don Addis

In the past, God sent prophets who were also intolerant.

The following story about Elijah is a great example, taken from 1 Kings 18, beginning in verse 17:

And it came to pass, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said unto him, Art thou he that troubleth Israel?
   And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but thou, and thy father’s house, in that ye have forsaken the commandments of the LORD, and thou hast followed Baalim.

  Now therefore send, and gather to me all Israel unto mount Carmel, and the prophets of Baal four hundred and fifty, and the prophets of the groves four hundred, which eat at Jezebel’s table.
   So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together unto mount Carmel.

   And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow him.

And the people answered him not a word.

Then said Elijah unto the people, I, even I only, remain a prophet of the LORD; but Baal’s prophets are four hundred and fifty men.
   Let them therefore give us two bullocks; and let them choose one bullock for themselves, and cut it in pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under: and I will dress the other bullock, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under:
   And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD: and the God that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken.
   And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the name of your gods, but put no fire under.
   And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.

   And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them,

Comment. No doubt, this would be labeled ‘hate speech’ in today’s world!

and said, Cry aloud: for he is a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, and must be awaked. 
   And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them. 
   And it came to pass, when midday was past, and they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that there was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any that regarded.

  And Elijah said unto all the people, Come near unto me. And all the people came near unto him. And he repaired the altar of the LORD that was broken down.

Comment. Elijah wanted the people to not only come near to him, but also to come near to God, and wake up to the lies they were being told, and understand the truth – that God loved them, and wanted to save them from the consequences of their deception.

  And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of the LORD came, saying, Israel shall be thy name:
   And with the stones he built an altar in the name of the LORD: and he made a trench about the altar, as great as would contain two measures of seed.

  And he put the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces, and laid him on the wood, and said, Fill four barrels with water, and pour it on the burnt sacrifice, and on the wood.
   And he said, Do it the second time. And they did it the second time. And he said, Do it the third time. And they did it the third time.
   And the water ran round about the altar; and he filled the trench also with water.

  And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these things at thy word.
   Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that thou art the LORD God, and that thou hast turned their heart back again.

  Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.

  And when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces: and they said, The LORD, he is the God; the LORD, he is the God.

  And Elijah said unto them, Take the prophets of Baal; let not one of them escape. And they took them: and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there. 

Comment. The prophets of Baal, whom Elijah slew, were promoting idolatry, and perversion, and lies. But I imagine, in our modern era, most of the media would rather censor this story, or else ban it for promoting violence! But, in case any still don’t get this message, I’m not promoting violence, I am promoting adherence to God’s laws of love, correctly understood and applied.

Elijah’s message was really the same as God’s Message to this present degenerate society, written in Deuteronomy 30:

“I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you LIFE and death,

blessing and cursing:

Therefore, choose LIFE, that both thou and thy seed MAY LIVE”

The Two Witnesses Message

Zech 4:11-12 & 13-14 describes two mysterious olive trees. They are described again in Revelation Chapter 11, which says.:

And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks, standing before the Lord of the earth.

And if any man desireth to hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth and devoureth their enemies; and if any man shall desire to hurt them, in this manner must he be killed.

These have the power to shut the heaven, that it rain not during the days of their prophecy: and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to smite the earth with every plague, as often as they shall desire.

And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that cometh up out of the abyss shall make war with them, and overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.

And from among the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations do men look upon their dead bodies three days and a half, and suffer not their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb.

And they that dwell on the earth rejoice over them, and make merry; and they shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwell on the earth.

And after the three days and a half the breath of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them that beheld them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they went up into heaven in the cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

THEIR MESSAGE and Who They Are

The Two Witnesses are faithful Christians who have oil in their lamps Matt 25:4 and are proclaiming the gospel message, which is a light Exo 27:20, + 2Co 4:4 that burns continually Lev 24:2, or everlastingly Rev 14:6.

Please check all Scripture references to see why I’m linking these concepts together.

They also witness against those who are enemies of God.

No one can be condemned without at least 2 witnesses.

Deut 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin … at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

Also see Matt 18:16

Heb 10:28 He that despised Moses’ law died without mercy under TWO OR THREE witnesses.

These multiple witnesses speak against corrupt, so-called Christian leaders (Ezek 34:2 onwards), and the apostasy of many in the churches today, as expressed in my poem below:

This poem is about the church falling into apostasy.
Scroll your mouse over the matching Scripture.  
Casting off the clothes of a lady, you became naked. Rev 3:17
Though your feet were once with the gospel shod Rom 10:15
You chose to run blindly down a crooked path, – Heb 12:13
barefoot church of God. Eph 6:15

O wall of the daughter of Zion Lam 2:18
Let your tears flow day and night Ps 80:5
You let sinful men deceive you 2 Th 2:3
And so you lost your sight. Jer 13:16

You swallowed every lie 2 Th 2:11
You gullibly were fed. Prov 20:17
Through fraudulent deception Deut 32:32-35
You went wherever you were led. 1 Pet 2:25

“Rising up early and sending” Jer 26:5
His servants sent letters to every son. 2 Chr 36:15
Though many invitations were sent Mat 22:3
You never answered one. Mat 22:5

O wall of the daughter of Zion Ezek 13:10
Could your punishment be worse? Lam 2:20
Foretold in nearly every prophecy– 2 Pet 1:19
Between the lines, in nearly every verse. 2 Ti 2:15

“Oh that my eyes were a fountain of tears” Jer 9:1
To weep for those who refuse to see. Is 56:10
God advises: “Return, O daughter of Zion, Hos 6:1
Return Rev 16:15
Once again to me.”
Jer 13:15

In more detail

In every era, God has a message for His covenant keeping people to give to the world. Noah had a special message for his time with a dire warning. The old testament prophets had a message for the children of Israel with warnings of captivity if they hardened their hearts toward God and His principles and worshipped pagan gods.

Jesus and His disciples had a similar message of warning and Salvation – Repent, be baptised and believe on Jesus, the Way the Truth and the Life.

The Everlasting Gospel

Mark 1:14-15 … Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, … the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.

The gospel of the Kingdom of God is actually a more profound message than most people realise, and is explained more fully on my page explaining the meaning and purpose of life here.

Acts 2:38Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Acts 3:19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out.

The same message of salvation (the everlasting gospel and three angels message, beginning Rev 14:6), and the same warnings, have been given by God’s faithful prophets down through the ages because God’s ways are absolutely constant and never change.

Mal 3:16 For I am the LORD, I change not

Heb 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.

Multiple Warnings

Rev 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

Before Jesus comes in the clouds at the second coming, another message is given:

• Fear God – this means to reverence God as your Lord and Master and DO NOT serve ‘sin.’
John 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.

The Elijah message is also included . . .

• Give glory to Him – We give Him glory by trusting His Spirit to guide us in our daily life, by growing up to be like Jesus and reflecting like a light, His character, through how we live our life.

Matt 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

• For the hour of his judgment is come – There will come a time when Jesus will take to heaven all the overcomers as promised in Revelation chapters 2 and 3. (A few teach that people will never go to heaven, but what about Rev 19:1 where it mentions people in heaven? In addition, we will be wherever Jesus is. Cannot Jesus visit heaven? In addition the church is the new Jerusalem, which comes down like a bride from heaven.)

• Worship the Creator, not the creation – Don’t trust your life to the powerless, dead, pagan idols, but the Omnipotent God who created the universe and cares for you. Trust the One who gives you power to overcome!

Heb 11:6 For he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

Plus a final message:

Rev 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen … because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

The great churches of this world, who claim to represent God and hold His truth, are corrupt and speak deception.

Rev 17:4-5 explains that there is a woman – a harlot mother church – who is riding a beast called Babylon the Great. This is not a good thing because Babylon ‘is fallen’ completely – The number 7 symbolises completeness in the Bible. You can count the number of times throughout the Bible it says ‘fallen’ in relation to Babylon.
Isa 21:9 = 2 times
Jer 51:8 = 1 time
Rev 14:8 = 2 times
Rev 18:2 = 2 times
The total is 7 times!

This message is continued in Rev 18:3 with an additional command in Rev 18:4-5 to: Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.

• Receive the Seal of God’s approval, not the mark of the beast. Rev 14:9-10. Rev 15:2 Rev 20:4 (I have written more about the mark of the beast here.)

And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation.

Unworkable Explanations for the Two Witnesses

There are several popular explanations for the identity of the two witnesses. Theories include the idea that they could be resurrected characters from the Bible, such as Enoch and Elijah, Moses and Elijah, or any two Bible characters. These ideas are simply wrong because they are inconsistent with the way God works, and God doesn’t change – Mal 3:6.

Although Jesus spoke to Elijah in the New Testament (Matt 17:2-3) God never resurrected Old Testament characters to do New Testament jobs, that is, to play any part in current affairs of the day. Instead, God used people who were living at the time to fill whatever rolls were needed at the time. For example, God didn’t resurrect Elijah to do what John the Baptist was able to do, even though he was a type of Elijah (Matt 17:12-13).

God didn’t work like that then, He doesn’t work like that now, and He won’t work that way in the future.

Another idea is that the two witnesses will be angels. But God has no need to send angels to die for three and a half days, as the two witnesses do. In addition, angels are ministering spirits, Heb 1:14. A spirit does not have flesh and bones (see Luke 24:39), and therefore would not suffer death in this manner. It is not a viable theory.

Other theories are that the two witnesses symbolize the Old and New Testaments (John 5:39), and another is that they symbolize Israel (Isa 43:10) and the New Testament Church (Acts 1:8). These are not bad theories. I believe they are true but incomplete.

Seventh-day Adventist prophet, Ellen G. White, said the two witnesses were symbolic of the Old and New Testaments as they related to the French revolution, and when you study it, you can see how that history did match the two witnesses prophecy. However Rev 11:3 says the witnesses will prophecy for 1260 days. The Old and New Testament are NOT confined to to a mere 1260 days, or even years. Basically they prophecy forever (Luke 21:33), so that is not a full interpretation of the subject.

Ellen White herself said that the truth of God is progressive, and more light was yet to be revealed. Because the French Revolution happened over 200 years ago, and because the witnesses time period is between the Rev 9:12 woe and the Rev 11:14 woe, and the judgement of God’s people in Rev 11:1-2 is still in progress, and the two witnesses are prophesied to be resurrected after three and a half days close to when Jesus returns, this prophecy, although it may be duel, is not for the past only, but also has a yet future application.


In the future there will be false prophets bringing fire down from heaven in the sight of men. Rev 13:13-14, Rev 19:20.

You will not want to follow them.

The two witnesses will breathe fire from their mouths, but this is symbolic of their words only (Jer 5:14). Much else may be symbolic. For example, the waters mentioned may be nations (Rev 17:15). Don’t jump to conclusions too easily, or you may be deceived.

The two witnesses will die in symbolic Sodom and Egypt “where also their Lord was crucified” which seems to be Jerusalem because of Luke 13:33. But technically, Jesus was crucified outside the gates of Jerusalem. See Hebrews 13:11-14. Does this allow for the witnesses to be killed inside or outside Jerusalem? I cannot say for sure, but Rev 18:24 states ALL the blood of the prophets slain anywhere on earth symbolically is found in Babylon. Yet Matt 23:35 says essentially the same thing of the earthly Jerusalem. There is no contradiction because it is mainly symbolic. Like Babylon, the witnesses death is in a great city Rev 18:10, and the location (Rev 11:8) shows a meaning largely hidden beneath the surface, which may not be literally Jerusalem, but symbolic in meaning.

Rev 21:9 & 10 says the church IS Jerusalem. So whatever their location at the time of death, martyrs, when they die, die in Jerusalem.

Be careful you don’t jump to conclusions about the witness’s identity.

I may be just plain wrong, but it seems to me that the two witnesses are a symbolic representation of groups of people who witness for God, and finish as martyrs, proclaiming the message of the Old and New Testament Bible. The number 2 might be a symbolic number, and NOT literal. For example ‘2’ represents humility (with the shape of 2 being bent knee and bowed head) and the first thing the Bible says about the two witnesses is that they prophecy 1260 days clothed in sackcloth. That’s not literal, it’s symbolic, just as the white raiment in Rev 3:18 is also symbolic.

“Clothed in sackcloth” is a metaphorical way of saying they prophecy in sorrow, with humility.

They prophecy in a time period of great mental and physical distress. The time period revolves around Isaiah Chapter 24, which includes nuclear war, where the earth is burned and few men are left.

The True Witness

Another point worth making is that Revelation 3:14 (with Rev 22:13) says that Jesus Christ is “the faithful and TRUE WITNESS.” In the next few verses after this, Jesus is pictured as knocking on the door of the Laodicean church asking to be let in. This is the very last church mentioned before Revelation chapter 11.

Therefore, if the two witnesses message in chapter 11 is proclaimed by groups of people witnessing for God, they will be the people from chapter 3 who have let Christ come into them (John 14:20), and are now witnessing by Christ’s authority (Rev 2:26, 11:3, 6) and power, and spirit, not their own (as Jesus said HE is the True Witness).

If I’m misunderstanding all this, no doubt, in due course it will become more obvious!

I believe Jesus IS coming soon. Jesus said in Luke 21:25 that his second coming would preceded by worldwide distress of nations, which, when you study the original Greek, strongly indicates lockdowns, as shown in this link. 

Surely we are near that time now!

The two olive trees

I’ve reprinted the article below because, despite it’s trinity errors (explained here), it lists the qualities anyone who claims to be one of the Two Witnesses needs to have!

The Two Witnesses

by David Steele (1803-1887)

“I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy.” Rev. 11:3

These words of Christ contain a promise, which contemplates a select number of Christians, designated by him to the performance of peculiar work. The peculiarity of their work is indicated by the term “prophecy;” for, whereas we commonly attach the idea of giving testimony to our conception of a witness as his appropriate function, it is other functions proper and peculiar to them.

Their title, witnesses, suggests a case in law, and as in all judicial trials, so it is here—a cause at issue, involving law, parties, facts, judge, witnesses, etc. Indeed, the promise in the text itself supposes parties in opposition, contending earnestly about matters of vital interest to them respectively. The cause, in short, is that of truth and righteousness, law and facts, doctrine and practice.

The speaker in the text is the same who, in the first verse, commanded John to “arise and measure the temple,” etc. By referring to the tenth chapter, first and fifth verses, the reader will perceive that the person styled “angel,” is none other than the Angel of the Covenant—the divine Mediator—who sets his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot upon the earth, as rightful Lord of both—whom the eternal Father hath appointed Heir of all things, Heb. 1:2. This work of measuring, enjoined upon the apostle John, could not be completed by his personal ministry, because he was not suffered to continue by reason of death; and the special work, consisting of ministering and authoritatively distinguishing between the clean and the unclean during the whole period of opposition by Antichrist; John’s successors—the witnesses—are therefore empowered by the Lord Christ to carry forward the same work, and bring it to a triumphant consummation.

It is worthy of remark further, that the word power, as used in the text, is supplemental, there being no term answerable to it in the original, which read thus: “I will give unto my two witnesses that they may prophesy.” The word power is as suitable as any other to supply the ellipsis; but it is here a term of very extensive import, comprehending all furniture for the special and arduous services allotted to the witnesses.

In prosecuting our inquiries, the following arrangement is adopted for greater clearness; consider:

I. the cause at issue;

II. the number of the witnesses;

III. their character;

IV. their furniture;

V. their works.

I. The cause at issue is divine truth, all the precious doctrines of the Bible,[1] together with their faithful application; and,

First, these witnesses have it in charge to assert and declare that Jehovah, and he only, is God. Before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me; therefore ye are my witnesses that I am God, Isa. 43:10, 12; also, that God alone, the author of man’s being and social nature, has an incontestable right to teach and govern the human family. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish aught from it, Deut. 4:2. But it may be asked, What have the witnesses to do with the rights of God put forth in the Old Testament? Answer: These witnesses can not maintain their position against Antichristian opposition, unless they fall back on Old Testament authority. The whole outline of their testimony, as given in the book of Revelation, demonstrates their familiarity with, and reliance upon, the authority of the Old Testament, especially prophecy, since their business is to prophesy. As their faith must not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God, so it is built on the foundation not merely of apostles, but also of prophets, Eph. 2:20. The faith of God’s elect, and an acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness go together, Titus 1:1.

Second, it is the province of these witnesses to assert the claims and enforce the obligations of Jehovah’s law upon their fellow creatures, as individuals, in the family, the church and the civil commonwealth, saying with a loud voice, “Fear God and give glory to him . . . and worship him that made heaven and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters,” Rev. 14:7. But it pertains to the functions of these witnesses to testify against “all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men.” “Cry aloud, spare not; show my people their transgressions, and the house of Jacob their sins,” Isa. 58:1. They are to state the cause of controversy, and render it intelligible to all concerned; and this is indeed their most difficult task. Owing to the fact that “all the world” are in opposition to them and to their cause, the very attempt to state that cause has often furnished the adversaries with occasion to “contradict and blaspheme.” Still they may not, at any hazard, shun to declare all the counsel of God. The cause, in brief, resolves itself into this: Whether Christ or Belial shall rule? whether righteousness and unrighteousness be indifferent? whether he that believeth hath part with an infidel? These few specifications, with their necessary connections, cover the whole ground of controversy.

II. Consider the number of these witnesses; they are two, as this is the smallest number that can establish truth, Deut. 17: 6; 19:15. The Lawgiver himself, addressing the Jews, says: “It is written in your law that the testimony of two men is true,” John 8:17. Not that we are to receive the testimony of two men. The experience of all men is that “a false witness will utter lies;” and it is sometimes found that two may “agree together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord,” Acts 5:9. But on the supposition that the witnesses are competent and credible; then it is the decision of Christ, endorsed by the common sentiment of mankind, that “we receive the witness of such men,” 1 John 5:9. And although “the witness of God is greater” than that of any number of men; still, human witnesses do not need to be inspired to render their testimony credible; for then, as the reader will perceive, the testimony is that of God, and of course ceases to be human testimony. This point is of the greatest moment, since not one word uttered by these two witnesses is inspired in the proper and formal sense of inspiration! This is too great an honor to confer upon the very chiefest of our covenanted confessors or martyrs. It savors too much of Rome.[2]

Second, these witnesses are only two, to indicate that they are comparatively few—just so many as our sovereign Lord deemed sufficient to defend and propagate the “truth as it is in Jesus” and to exemplify its power in actual life. Forsaken by the multitude of the disciples, like their divine Master, they are left to face the enemy as best they may. Those who are occupied in worshiping the beast, or the beast and his image, or the dragon who gave power to both, can not sympathize with the witnesses—not understanding, not desiring to understand their singular position.

When our Lord was on earth, he addressed his disciples as a “little flock,” compared with the multitude of professors. Just so it is in reference to these; “out of each of the twelve tribes of Israel were sealed twelve thousand;” assuredly but a fractional part of each, and so “of all the tribes of Israel,” Rev. 7:5-8. For John says, “after this I beheld, and lo! a great multitude which no man could number.” And Again, in the 14th chapter we find these sealed ones standing with the Lamb upon the Mount Zion, and employed in singing a new song which no man could learn, but those only who were redeemed from the earth—the antichristian organization, Rev 14:1, 3. The sealing of these has an evident allusion to a similar transaction of old: “Go through the midst of the city—through the midst of Jerusalem—and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all abominations that be done in the midst thereof,” Ezek. 9:4. The object is the same—for distinction and preservation. Doubtless there is also an allusion to the ordinance of Christian baptism, which, by divine institution, is a sign to distinguish, and a seal to secure each member of God’s covenant society. They are not of the world, even as Christ is not of the world, John 17:16. Also, they are to be kept from the evil that is in the world, John 17:15. This distinction is to be noticed; that, whereas all Christians in general are baptized “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,” Matt. 28:19; these in particular, have the Father’s name only in their foreheads, Rev. 14:1; intimating, perhaps, that these two witnesses in a way peculiar to themselves, “confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father,” Phil. 2:11.

Third, they are only two, that God may display his sovereignty and may have the glory of their achievements. The ranks of Gideon must be reduced to three hundred—let the thousands of Israel who are fearful and afraid return and depart—the people are too many to give the enemy into their hands, Judges 7:2-6. God hath chosen the foolish things of the world, to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world, to confound the things which are mighty; and base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are; that no flesh should glory in his presence, 1 Cor. 1:27-29. Those who follow the Lamb in this special service, are called and chosen and faithful; endowed by their Leader with a heroic spirit, they rank amongst the “first three,” Rev. 17:14. Thus, having suffered with him, they are destined to be glorified together; yes, on their part, he is glorified, 1 Pet 4:14—their honor is reciprocal.

Fourth, they are but two, that they may confront numerically in open court, before the world, in the presence of the universe, the twofold opposition to truth and righteousness, in which the grand adversary has embodied and entrenched himself, Rev. 13:1-11. Because the beast of the sea and the beast of the earth, are in unholy alliance to resist the authority and vacate the claims of the Lord and his Anointed, it is reasonable as it is scriptural magistracy and a gospel ministry; that by these, moral government and social order might be secured.

III. The character of the witnesses is to be considered:

First, this is partly indicated by the description of their work, they shall prophesy. Now it is not the usual function of a witness to prophesy. But as these witnesses are numerically described from prophetic foreseen opposition: so, their character is delineated by a retrospective comparison with distinguished servants of Christ, who testified for truth and righteousness, and against error and impiety under a former economy. In a word, they are like Moses and Elijah. In their commission, endowments, and work, they bear a resemblance to these eminent men. In these respects the analogy is clear, although we should not assert their identity, Rev. 11:5-6. Compare 1 Kings 17:1, Ex. 7:17, etc. These two prophets, Moses and Elijah, appeared on the mount of transfiguration as witnesses of the Father’s testimony to the eternal Sonship and mediatory office of Jesus Christ, Mat. 17:3. On earth also, there were at the same time competent “eye-witnesses of his majesty,” 2 Pet. 1:16. While on earth Moses and Elijah had a very bad character, especially were their presence and testimony construed as “hurtful to kings and provinces.” They were counted as the “offscourings of the earth;” they were not deemed “fit to live”—”malefactors,” identified with their suffering Master. Nevertheless, “by faith they obtained a good report,” were admitted to the “honor that cometh for God only,” because they sought not honor from men.” Jesus said unto them on the “holy mount, come up hither.” Now was realized by Moses the object of his earnest desire, “I beseech thee, show me thy glory,” Ex. 33:18; now was enjoyed to his unspeakable satisfaction, a full view of the promised land which he so pathetically besought of the Lord while on this side of Jordan. “I pray thee, let me go over, and see the good land that is beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain and Lebanon,” Deut. 3:25. Correspondent to this is the honorable character and position of the two witnesses of our time. “They stand with the Lamb on Mount Zion,” Rev 14:1, “they are without fault before the throne of God,” Rev 14:5, and this is the best attestation of their character.

Second, they are truthful,—”children that will not lie,” Isa 63:8. Thus they are distinguished from all the children of the wicked one, who speak with a double heart and flattering lips, Ps. 12:2, from all modern Cretians, false prophets, who shun to declare all the counsel of God, keeping back what might be profitable to their fellow men, for fear of the Jews, or as having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage, Acts 20:20, etc., Jude 16. Knowing that their Lord “desireth truth in the inward parts,” Ps. 51:6, they habitually “speak the truth in their heart,” Ps 15:2. Yes, rather than prevaricate, as they are often counseled to do, 2 Chron. 18:12; when others are “lying against the Lord—speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood,” Isa. 59:13; they will seal their testimony with their blood—not loving their lives unto the death, Rev. 12:11. “It is the cause that makes the martyr.”

Third, these witnesses are intelligent. This is a feature of character which their opponents reluctantly admit. They may be “unlearned and ignorant men” in the account of “as many as are of the kindred of the high priest,” Acts 4:6, 13; yet they are not in the habit of “speaking evil of the things that they understand not.” Keeping by the fundamental principles of God’s unity and sovereignty, these witnesses display in their progressive testimony, grandeur of conception, depth of research, accuracy of discrimination, and adaptation to surrounding circumstances, unequaled by the wise men of this world. True, they are represented—viewed—treated, as bigoted, rigid, unsociable, intractable, intolerant, and what not?—men of “one idea,” incapable of appreciating liberal sentiments, or comprehending enlarged views of social order,etc. And even when they die to confirm the truth of their testimony, malice pursues their very memory, saying,—”they died as fools!” But wisdom is justified of her children. They “have an unction from the Holy One, and they know all is judged of no man,” 1 John 2:20, 1 Cor. 2:15. It is the decision of the only infallible Judge, that these witnesses, and they alone are truly entitled to the appellation—”men of understanding,” Dan. 11:35. “He that judgeth them is the Lord,” and we are sure that his judgment is according to truth.

IV. The qualifications of these witnesses come next under notice.

He who calls them, qualifies them: “I will give power unto my two witnesses.” This promise secures to them:

First, a right to act for Christ in the capacity of witnesses. It is in fact an ordaining or commissioning of them to their special work of bearing testimony for him and his cause, and against the persons and influence of all opposers. This right is analogous and equivalent in law, to that with which Christ invested the apostles when he said, “Go into all the world—and, lo, I am with you alway;” or, as he afterwards said, “Ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me, both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and unto the uttermost part of the earth,” Acts 1:8. All might be supposed to agree in their estimate of rights as precious, however they differ as to their origin or the manner of their exercise; and moreover, it is supposed that rights possessed are designed for exercise. But the exercise of this right to “prophesy” exposes its possessors to such labor and peril that they need peculiar furniture. And this is guaranteed in the promise, which is one of the most signal in the Bible, for

Second, in exercising their right of prophesying, these witnesses have the promise of the Holy Ghost! Be not alarmed candid reader, there is no intention here to plead for any addition to our Bible, or any new rule of faith or practice: but these witnesses are, nevertheless, to be “men full of faith and of the Holy Ghost,” otherwise they would be utterly incompetent to the work assigned. Accordingly, having Abel’s, Moses’, Elijah’s, Stephen’s work allotted them; they have the same resources secured in the promise. “I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.” “And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak, for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak: for it is not ye that speak, but the spirit of your Father that speaketh in you,” Luke 21:15, Matt. 10:18-20.

Third, as they are invested with a right, and endowed with ability to execute their commission as witnesses; so they have the best possible guarantee for the protection of their persons, reputation and substance. In the fullness of self-sufficiency, and with the connivance or approbation of the kings of the earth, false prophets may be permitted to smite them on the cheek, as Zedekiah did Micaiah, but this indignity will be abundantly redressed, 2 Chron. 18:23-24. Obadiahs will be provided, if need be, to hide them by fifties in a cave, 1 Kings 18:13; not one hair of their heads shall perish. They shall be either hid from the scourge of the tongue, or their judgment shall be brought forth to the light, and their righteousness as the noon-day. If they be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are they; yea, they are blessed when men revile them—and say all manner of evil against them falsely for Christ’s sake.

They may be subjected to the spoiling of their goods, but they know in themselves that they have in heaven a better and an enduring substance. All their losses for the cause of Christ, shall be remunerated with interest. There is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God’s sake, who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting, Luke 18:29-30.

Fourth, as in exercising their just rights they are often liable to the charge of infringing the rights of others, it is requisite that they be possessed of fortitude. This also is provided. He that made man’s mouth has engaged to be with their mouth, Ex. 4:11, 15—so that they shall open their mouth boldly, speaking forth the words of truth and soberness, Acts 26:25. And as they are required sometimes to “look angry men in the face,”[3] so they have the promise of requisite qualifications: “Behold, I have made thy face strong against their faces, and thy forehead strong against their foreheads: as an adamant, harder than a flint, have I made thy forehead; fear them not, neither be dismayed at their looks,” Ezek. 3:8-9. They are not ashamed of the testimony of Christ, nor of those who are his prisoners, for they are prepared to endure hardness as good soldiers of Jesus Christ. This is indeed the most needful and also the most conspicuous part of their furniture. To be wise as serpents—full of eyes before and behind, and within, Rev. 4:6-8—is indispensable; but the first prerequisite is that they possess the property of the lion (v. 7), which is the strongest among beasts, and turneth not away for any. In a word, the power with which they are endowed is power from above—out of the heavenly sanctuary. They are not sent a warfare at their own charges. Christ is himself the faithful and true witness, and knows from experience what furniture these witnesses need (Heb. 2:14,18) and has accordingly provided, that they always, having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work, 2 Cor. 9:8.

V. The special work allotted to these witnesses from eternity, Rev. 20: 15, and to the accomplishing of which they are specially called in time is, to prophesy. These distinguished persons are called prophets, Rev. 11:10, and since the exercise of their appropriate functions is styled prophesying, such phraseology suggests something peculiar in the method of their testimony-bearing. This may be conceived to consist in their persons and work, the two-fold function of testifying and giving judgment. It is competent to prophets to condemn in a judicial way, all heretical principles and heretical teachers, as well as in a ministerial and official way. Hence they exhibit a judicial testimony for divine truth and order, as also against all error and ungodliness, 1 Cor. 5:12, Rev. 2:2, Acts 15:6. It is their special business to bind up the testimony and seal the law, Isa. 8:16—to bring principle and practice to the test of this law and testimony, Isa 8:20, and to transmit the same to the generation following, Ps. 78:5-7. Thus of their work in general, but more particularly.

First, they are to testify of or concerning Christ, and this in respect of his person and mediatory office. They believe and declare that Jesus is the Christ, and then, that he is the Son of God; that he has a Father who sustains to him the necessary relation of paternity. Moreover, that the son sustains to the Father the voluntary relation of a Servant, Acts 8:37, Isa. 42:1. This Servant is anointed with the Holy Ghost above his fellows, Ps. 45:7. His Father has made him his First-born, higher than the kings of the earth; invested him with all the rights and authority pertaining to primogeniture, Ps. 89:27; given all things into his hand, John 13:3, to be the Head of the church, and Head over all things to the church, Eph. 1:22; for it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell, Col. 1:19—a fullness of grace, John 1:14, a fullness of authority, all power in heaven and upon earth, Matt. 28:18, that all men (and angels, Heb. 1:6) should honor the Son even as they honor the Father, John 5:23, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father, Phil. 2:1. These witnesses are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth, Zech. 4:14, to vindicate the cause and assert the claims of the divine Redeemer, Rev. 11:4. As the two olive trees, they are the depositories or receptacles of the golden oil, which supplies the two golden candlesticks, which by their light discover the heavenly origin of social organization amidst the smoke which envelopes the locusts of the earth, Rev. 9:2-3. They point to the inscription on the vesture, and on the thigh of the exalted Mediator—King of kings and Lord of lords—Prince of the kings of the earth, Rev. 19:16; 1:5.

Second, it is their province to make all men see, that as the Lord Christ derived this universal dominion from his Father, in voluntary and economical standing and relationship, so the Father is engaged to sustain him in its exercise over friends and foes; for the Lord said unto their Lord, “Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool,” Ps. 110:1. “I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him,” Ps. 89:23; “for he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet,” 1 Cor. 15:25. Moreover, as the Lord Jesus has a right of universal sovereignty by express delegation from his Father, so he possesses inherent ability to execute the trust committed. This inherent ability results from his personal equality and essential unity with the Father in the eternal Godhead. The mediatorial dominion is predicated upon the essential divinity of Jesus Christ, according to the Father’s own explicit testimony: “Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever,” Ps. 45:6, Heb. 1:8. Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest (and so not a king), but he that said unto him, “Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee,” Ps. 2:7, Heb 5:5. Yes, the government is on the shoulder of one who is the mighty God, Isa. 9:6, the Almighty, Rev. 1:8, for strong is the Lord God who judgeth Babylon, 18:8. What is said of Nebuchadnezzar, “whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive,” is true of the Lord Christ, for he is mighty both to save and to destroy, Isa. 63:1-4.

Third, these witnesses are called and commissioned to testify especially against Antichrist—a false christ, and therefore an opposing christ. But Christ is to be considered either personally or mystically; either abstractly in his personal rights and prerogatives, or in the concrete, in the rights and immunities of his church. There is a prejudice, too prevalent, against Christians testifying against Christians! This, we are often told, is contrary to the law of charity. We have not so learned Christ. They are not all Israel which are of Israel. Much of the business of these two prophets is to oppose prophets—to prophesy against the shepherds, Ezek. 34:2. Moses with his miracles must confront the magicians with their enchantments, Ex. 8:19. Elijah must confront the prophets of Baal, 1 Kings 18:25. Paul must counteract false apostles, 2 Cor. 11:13. In short, the direct object of these witnesses’ testimony is apostate Christendom: those who depart from the faith, 1 Tim. 4:1, who have gone out from the fellowship and renounced the doctrines of the apostolic church, 1 John 2:19. Their special work is to testify against error and its propagators and abettors, together with ungodliness, the natural fruit of error, rather than against pagans. All the heathen nations of the earth do not constitute the Antichrist—are no part of Antichrist, formally considered, or as portrayed doctrinally or symbolically in prophetic Scripture. Antichrist feigns himself to be Christ, and so under a mask gains multitudes of followers. If the community be flooded with counterfeits, the genuine currency will be depreciated. Antichrist is that counterfeit. The dragon, that old serpent called the devil and Satan, is the prime and original instigator of all hostilities against the Lord and his Anointed—the dragon fought, and his angels, Rev. 12:7. The special designation, old serpent conducts us in retrospection, to the transaction in the garden of Eden. In Cain, that seed of the serpent—who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother—we may contemplate modern Antichrist as if in embryo. In process of time, the mystery of iniquity, often exhibited to prophetic eye, began more sensibly to work. The Lord God of the holy prophets gave, from time to time, such intimations of his secret purpose; of the rise, reign and ruin of this enemy of all righteousness; that they inquired and searched what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify; when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ mystical from this subtle and cruel enemy, and the glory that should follow his certain and fearful overthrow. Yes, Sodom, Moses, Egypt, Elijah, Jerusalem; the temple—shut by wicked, and opened by reforming kings; the furniture of the temple, the priesthood, garments, ministry, etc., are all laid under contribution to symbolize and make known to men the working and counterworking of this mighty agency in our rebellious world. We are not, therefore, to think it strange when, in the New Testament, we find the disciples of our Lord making Antichrist a topic of frequent and familiar conversation, as well as of epistolary correspondence.

Nullifidians, skeptics, Gallios, heresiarchs and others (all that are drunk with the winecup of the mother of harlots) are ready with their advice here, that we meddle not with things too high for us—things utterly inscrutable—things which are so equivocal and uncertain, that many wise men have utterly failed to unfold them: that in fact, by the very attempt to explain the prophetic symbols, the folly of their reputed wisdom has been demonstrated. Two satisfactory reasons can be assigned for this failure: they were intoxicated by Babylon’s wine, and were never in the wilderness—the only position from which John himself could see clearly, Rev. 12:6,14, Rev 17:3. The wilderness is the only place of certain vision!

As it respects the Antichrist, the Spirit speaketh expressly, not in dark speeches such as the delphic or sibylline oracles. Nebuchadnezar’s image, Daniel’s four beasts, are symbols generally well understood, at least as to the import of their great outlines. But when interpreters attempt to analyze the fourth beast of Daniel and the two beasts of John, there is great discrepancy of views. Newton, Faber, Scott, Smith, and others of less note among divines, are at issue with each other in many things, and all are unsafe guides in ascertaining the identity of the Antichrist of Scripture. Durham, M’Leod and others, who have viewed the scenery from a standpoint in the wilderness, are safer guides to follow, although none in this should be implicitly followed.

As these witnesses have it in special charge to prophesy against Antichrist during many generations, so we should expect them to be cotemporary with Antichrist. And we find this to be the case. The saints are to be given into the hand of the little horn until a time and times and the dividing of time, Dan. 7:25—that is, during the thousand two hundred and three score days of prophesying by the witnesses, Rev. 11: 3. For a time—a year of 360 literal days—times, two years or 720 days, and half a time—the half of 360, which is 180—all added together will be exactly 1260. That the witnesses and Antichrist cotemporate—exist at the same time in this world, and continue precisely for the same period of time—is proved from the fact that they are parties at issue, the Lord Christ having called and commissioned these witnesses for this express purpose and no other. Their lives and their testimony are finished together. Rev. 11:7, 12:11.

In confronting Anti-christian heresy and misrule, falsehood and tyranny, the witnesses must be able to define and identify the enemy. This they are enabled to do by following the Lamb, keeping close to the Captain of their salvation; learning daily, and from age to age, from the faithful and true Witness; maintaining communion with him in witness bearing. “Then shall they know, if they follow on to know the Lord.” And as the fathers make known the truth to their children, so these witnesses, by comparing spiritual things with spiritual, and history with prophesy, are enabled to understand the signs of the times from one generation to another. Thus race praises God’s works unto race, and shows his mighty works—the former generation transmitting their achievements to that which follows. Testing principle and practice by the law and the testimony as commanded, Isa. 8:20, and going forth by the footsteps of the flock as directed, Song 1:8; these witnesses make progress in applying their testimony to organized society. Whilst enthusiasts and visionaries are busied in reconstructing society and shouting progress; these servants of the Most High God are the lights of the world—the only true reformers—the only real authors of progress. Often have they been tempted with offers of promotion and liberty by those who were themselves the servants of corruption, 2 Pet. 2:19; and some of them have at times fallen, to try, and to purge, and to make them white, Dan. 11:35; but in the end they will accomplish their mission and finish their testimony.

Intimately and experimentally acquainted with the doctrines of God’s word, and with the moral order which its divine Author has established in the world; these witnesses prophesy by searching soberly and habitually into that which is noted in the Scriptures of truth—the sure word of prophesy: and comparing spiritual things with spiritual; and in the light of both, interpreting the doings of the Lord in providential procedure. They believe that all prophecy of Scripture is an extract from the book of God’s decree Rev. 5:1, and that providence is the exact counterpart of both. It is from these sources that they gather the elements which constitute the Antichrist.

First, from their assigned position in the wilderness these witnesses descry the rising of Antichrist with certainty, yet, without surprise. They were timely apprized of this event. In apostolic times there were spirits of Antichrist, 1 John 4:4—many antichrists, 1 John 2:18. Paul had told the Thessalonians, while he was yet with them, of the future coming of this enemy, 2 Thess. 2:5, and of the cause of his temporary delay, 2 Thess. 2:7. Peter had forewarned the disciples of the same when he said, “there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them,” etc., 2 Pet. 2:1. No wonder that John says, “Ye have heard that Antichrist shall come,” 1 John 2:18; or that he gives the very essence of his diabolical character in the graphic description. “He is Antichrist that denieth the Father and the Son,” 1Joh 2:22. That Mr. Faber should fancy this enemy developed in the French Revolution, the infidelity or atheism openly avowed in the enemy’s camp, is not at all surprising. The expositor belonged to the witnessing company—was not in the wilderness, but in the enemy’s camp. It is perfectly natural that even a good man, so circumstanced, should fail to distinguish between theoretical and practical atheism. The assumption of Faber is, that the apostle John describes a theoretical or avowed atheist—one who denies the doctrine of the Trinity. This assumption is not true, as may afterwards appear. The Antichrist delineated in Scripture avows his belief in a Trinity of divine persons as openly as Mr. Faber. The author forgot that there were professing Christians in apostolic times who professed that they knew God, but in works denied him. He did not know, or he had forgotten, that Antichrist is not composed of open and avowed enemies to Christ, as were the French atheists, but of professed disciples of Christ for, —

Second, these two witnesses have always testified—not formally against pagans or infidels as such; but—against apostate Christians, as composing an organized and complex system of opposition to the Lord and his Anointed. And just here, the witnesses have detected the secret of Antichrist’s successful enterprise among the human family.

In modern language the prefix anti, conveys the idea of opposition; as in the term anti-slavery, but in Scripture the radical idea is substitution, as the learned will readily see in the Greek form of the word ransom, and many others. Such is the force and significance of the dissyllable anti, when in composition with Christ—one in the place of Christ. 2 Thess. 2:4. On this idea of substitution, the Holy Spirit is pointed and diffuse in Scripture, that none might be deceived but such as are willingly ignorant, 2 Pet. 3:5, in whom the God of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, 2 Cor. 11:3; so the coming of this enemy is after the working of Satan, with all signs and lying wonders; and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness, 2 Thess. 2:9-10. “Many false prophets are gone out into the world . . . this is a deceiver and an Antichrist,” 2 John 7. The combination is ostensibly on the side and in the interest of Christ, and the elements of which Antichrist is composed were obviously professing Christians. “They went out from us, but they were not of us, for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us,” 1 John 2:19. Here is the apostasy, and so the witnesses are fully borne out in asserting that Antichrist is a great Christian apostasy! To trace the origin and development, in the organization and modifications of this enemy of all righteousness, is the special work of Christ’s witnesses. The origin is doubtless of equal date with the fall of man; but the visible manifestation is to be found after the apostolic age; for:

Third, Paul, Peter and John are explicit as to this point: “In the latter times some shall depart from the faith,” 1 Timothy 4:1. “The mystery of iniquity doth already work, only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way,” 2 Thess. 2:7. “And through covetousness shall they, with feigned words, make merchandise of you,” 2 Pet. 2:3. “Ye have heard that Antichrist shall come,” 1 John 2:18. “The ten kings—have received no kingdom as yet,” Rev. 17:12. Paul, as is supposed, wrote the second epistle to the Thessalonians in the year 54, and Antichrist was then future; John wrote his first epistle in the year 90, and the Revelation in 96, and as yet, that enemy was not fully organized. It is alleged, by the best divines, that the year 606 was the epoch at which this long predicted enemy of Christ, and scourge of the world, was first developed, when Phocas, the Roman Emperor, proclaimed Boniface bishop of Rome, head of the universal church. Assuming the proximate correctness of this date,[4]the witnesses could not, for many centuries back, be wrong, in directing their testimony against that combination; for, in that transaction and alliance, they saw the prestige of all similar acts of spiritual fornication between the woman and the kings of the earth.

Fourth, besides the many minor and mixed associations, as lesser Antichrists—monkeries, nunneries, freemasonry, and such like coalitions and fellowships, all of which prepare and furnish the elements which constitute the Antichrist: the formal combination—the great confederacy is to be found in the junction and intercourse of the apostate church and state. These, combined and cooperating, are the party with which the witnesses have to deal. The deception practiced upon human credulity by the grand adversary, who rules in the hearts of individuals, is successfully carried on by imitating the divine ordinances and institutions as nearly as his diabolical ingenuity can invent. By acquainting themselves with the person of the Mediator, his offices, dominion and ordinances, revealed in the Holy Scriptures; and ascertaining from the same source, that the devil would counterfeit these; the witnesses of Christ are thus qualified to distinguish between the rights of Christ and the impious claims of Antichrist.

The Spirit of God, the Spirit of prophecy, which is the testimony of Jesus (Rev. 19:10) describes the elementary and component parts of Antichrist as bestial. Idolatrous, tyrannical, and therefore immoral powers, are exhibited in vision to Daniel, by the symbols of beasts arising in succession, Dan. 7:3-8. With the fourth and last of these only are the witnesses immediately at issue in our time. In prophesying against this monster, which can not be likened to any animal that God ever made, consists their special and arduous work. In the second chapter of Daniel the same power is symbolized as composing part of the image presented in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, Dan. 40-43. These great beasts, which are four, are four kings which shall arise out of the earth—not having their origin from heaven, Dan. 7:17. But the fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom (dynasty) upon earth, Dan. 7:23; and the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise, Dan. 7:24. These horns are all connected with, or grow, as it were, out of one head. The head symbolizes imperial power, the horns signify so many civil sovereignties—all tributary to the empire—parts of one whole, Esth. 1:1.

Besides these ten horns on one head, Daniel saw another little horn coming up among them, Dan. 7:8—after them, v. 24—whose look was more stout that his fellows, Dan. 7:20. Thus, the ten horns are the fellows of the little horn; all grow upon the one head of the one beast. As will farther appear in progress, these ten horns represent civil power, and the little horn ecclesiastical power. The saints, the witnesses, are given into the hand of the little horn, subjected to cruel despotism. All the ten horns concur in this donation. The agency of the little horn, apostate church, is described: “He shall speak great words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and think to change times and laws,” Dan. 7:25. This he is enabled to accomplish and authorized to do by the combined civil powers—the ten horns. They are, therefore, all in one interest, in unanimous conspiracy against the saints of God, and so against the God of the saints. These make war with the Lamb. They will not have this man to reign over them. They deny—they resist the authority of—the Father and the Son: “for whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father,” 1 John 2:23. This is on the scriptural and rational principle of representation. Will not a nation, if able, sustain its ambassador? Certainly, Christ says, “He that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me;” and of course the contrary is equally true: he that rejects the Son, rejects the Father also—that is, denieth the Father and the Son, John 15:23.

Fifth, although the witnesses derive much light and encouragement from the Old Testament, they being built upon the twofold foundation of apostles and prophets; their minds are greatly cleared, and their hearts much encouraged in their protracted work, from the great plainness of speech employed by the Spirit of inspiration in the New Testament.

Here they find Daniel’s fourth beast delineated in all his prominent parts and distinctive features, by symbols varied and intelligible. Daniel had the same interesting object presented, either in whole or in part, through the medium of four successive symbols, or rather groups of symbols. In the second, seventh, eighth and eleventh chapters of his prophecy, he sees Antichrist subsisting in his elementary principles, under the symbols of an image, four beasts, a ram and he goat, etc. John was favored with a view of the same object, represented by a much greater variety of symbols. As preparatory to the view about to be presented of Antichrist fully revealed, he was placed in a desert isle (Patmos), and favored with an exhibition of economic relations and official work of the adorable Trinity, chapters 4th and 5th. In the 11th chapter he is directed, v. 1, to take the dimensions of divinely organized society, in anticipation of the rise, and in order to oppose the reign of Antichrist. Standing upon the sand of the sea, he sees a beast rise up out of the sea, Rev. 13:1—exactly the source whence Daniel saw the four beasts arise, Dan. 7:3. But, whereas Daniel’s beasts had but one head each, John’s beast, of the sea, has seven heads. The beasts agree as to the number of horns—ten. This beast had previously appeared to John, differing in origin: he ascended out of the bottomless pit, Rev. 11:7, and having another name—a great red dragon, Rev. 12:3. The dragon had seven heads and ten horns; but he had crowns upon his heads; whereas, the beast of the sea had crowns upon his horns. The dragon represents the Roman empire in its pagan or heathen state; the beast, having received his power and his throne and great authority from the dragon, and placed the crowns upon the horns, represents the same empire in its Christian (that is antichristian) and divided state. Now, although there is a transfer of power from the dragon to the beast, and of the crowns from the heads to the horns—all the horns adhere to the one head. Prophetic announcements of future events are often times obscure. This is the intention of the Spirit of inspiration. Were it otherwise, the agents employed in the execution of the divine purpose could not be free, 1 Cor. 2:7-8. And this is also true of the prime agent, the devil, for if holy angels need supernatural revelation to direct them in the discharge of their ministry, Ps. 97:7, Heb. 1:6, it is reasonable to suppose that the old serpent is not wiser than they. True, both Satan and wicked men who are his instruments, Eph. 2:2, often sin against light—persevering in iniquity, knowing that iniquity will be their ruin. In such cases malice triumphs over conscience. The economy of man’s redemption is progressively revealed to intelligent creatures—angels and men, good and evil, Eph. 3:10, Matt. 8:29. It is from a knowledge of the economical and official relations in the adorable Trinity, that the devil is able to deceive men by his counterfeits. Thus we find that enemy prompting Herod to murder the infant Jesus (Matt. 2:16), tempting the Savior (Matt. 4:1-10), and openly heading the rebellion against Michael, our Prince, (Dan. 10:21, Rev. 12:7). All men are either on the side of the dragon or of Christ. Immediately after the exhibition of the four beasts to Daniel in vision—the four universal monarchies—he is favored with a discovery of the headship and universal dominion of the exalted Mediator, Dan. 7:13-14. The dominion then, of the Lord Christ, and the dominion of the god of this world, divide the population of Christendom, and these are contrary the one to the other. Christ is by the appointment of the Father, King of Zion, and Prince of the kings of the earth, Ps. 2:6, Rev. 1:5, Eph. 1:22. By the corruption of the church and state, and by seducing both from allegiance to the Lord’s Anointed, the prince of this world, has succeeded in marshaling them against their rightful Sovereign. This combination of the crown and the mitre—the civil and ecclesiastical departments of apostate Christendom—has been foresignified by divinely selected and appropriate symbols. They are both bestial: the lion, the bear, the leopard, are the animals by which the Antichristian civil powers are represented to signify their bloody cruelty against the saints of God. The same is true of their faithful and constant ally, which, as shown to Daniel, was a little horn; but, as represented to John, was a beast. For, although this second beast of the earth had the aspect of a lamb, it had two horns and spake as a dragon, Rev. 13:11. Daniel was peculiarly solicitous to know the truth (real meaning of the symbol) of the fourth beast; and more eager, if possible, to ascertain the mystical import of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth, that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows, Dan. 7:19, 20. He obtained such information as was satisfactory to himself, and needful in his time, but the witnesses having to confront this combination of idolatry, falsehood and despotism, have been favored with a much clearer exhibition of the complex system.

This second beast, being the masterpiece of the devil, and having united in his composition the incongruous natures of a lamb and a dragon, may be expected to assume and present diverse aspects. Accordingly we find him sometimes affecting divinity—to be the vicegerent of the Lamb of God, 2 Thess. 2:4. Again he personates a prophet, Rev. 19:20; anon he assumes the aspect of a woman! Rev. 17:3. All these phases are resorted to for the purpose of eluding detection. Still in alliance with the ten-horned beast, Christ’s witnesses have been enabled to discover his deception.

Sixth, for centuries past, the two witnesses have considered the book of Revelation in connection with Daniel, as essential to their faith. In opposition to the discouragements thrown out by well-meaning divines against attempts to expound these prophecies, some have “searched diligently” into their meaning. Against the scoffing and ridicule of infidels, the witnesses continue to believe and regard it as fully sustaining its emphatic name: Revelation; and, encouraged by the benediction of its divine Author, they continue to interpret and apply this part of the word of God, as a singular means of directing their testimony, both doctrinal and practical.

Looking into the history of Christendom, and comparing the constitutions and administrations of nations, empires and churches, with prophetic symbols and their inspired interpretation, the witnesses have all along identified, with more or less precision, the apocalyptic Antichrist. The civil and imperial beast of Daniel, having one head, appears to John withseven heads, Rev. 13:1. The little or eleventh horn of Daniel’s beast is John’s beast of the earth, Rev. 13:11. The seven heads signify seven mountains; and, also, seven kings (or forms of imperial government,) Rev. 17:9-10. Again, the ten horns represent ten kings (or civil sovereignties), Rev. 17:12, all concentrated in one imperial despotism, Rev 17:13. All these conspire against Christ—not personal; no—they are all professedly his servants, his vicegerents, reigning by divine right! Analyze the mind of Saul of Tarsus going to Damascus, and compare it with the law of Christ, and the mind of these sovereigns will be understood. They make war with the Lamb in the members of his mystical body, Rev. 17:14, Dan. 7:25. To this they are instigated by the two-horned beast of the earth, Rev. 13:12, who causeth them that dwell on the earth to worship the first beast; and it is because those who dwell in heaven (abide by the ordinances of Christ) refuse to give God’s glory to creatures, that both beasts assail them.

But as this second beast acts as a prophet, counterfeiting a divine commission to direct and control the human conscience, so he enforces his commands by great wonders, making fire to come down from heaven—miracles which he has power to do in the sight of the beast, Rev. 17:13-14: that is, signs and lying wonders, 2 Thess. 2:9.

Again, this second beast assumes the aspect of a woman—a mother, a whore—fruitful in harlot daughters, Rev. 17:1,4; for the purpose of supplanting and so destroying another woman, Rev. 12:1-3; her legitimate offspring, Rev. 12:4, and even the remnant of her seed, Rev. 12:17. To destroy the souls of the witnesses is the direct aim of the dragon, by tempting or forcing them to transfer their plighted allegiance from Christ to himself; and the blandishments or displeasure of this lewd woman and her daughters are employed for this very purpose; and alas! too often with success, Rev. 14:11, Rev. 17:4.

Moreover, there is a concurrent agency among these symbolic enemies of truth and righteousness. Their primary object is to seduce. By heretical principles, cunningly adapted to the carnal mind, they aim at corrupting the morals and debauching the consciences of men, Rev. 16:13-14; and when they fail to deceive they resort to open violence, Rev. 13:7.

Seventh, the two witnesses, standing before the God of the earth, look upon the confederated hosts as enemies to Christ and his Father, and only consequentially to them. (1.) All the heads of the civil beast are covered with names of blasphemies, v. 1. He claims the prerogatives and demands the homage which are due to God only, vs. 4, 8. (2.) The demands of the second beast are equally peremptory, for he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, v. 12, and causeth all to worship the image of the first beast under the penalty of death, v. 15. The image of the beast—the first, or civil beast, is the papacy—the second beast, the apostate church, having invested her visible head with imperial and temporal power—all the power of the first beast, v. 12: that is, with all the power of the Son of God as Mediator. Thus the Antichrist is revealed in visible organization. The dragon, the civil beast of the sea, and the false prophet, the ecclesiastical beast of the earth—the woman—all conspiring to dethrone Christ and destroy the foundations of the earth, Ps. 2:2-3; 11:3. (3.) Against these subtle and malicious enemies of Christ the two witnesses give their testimony. This exasperates and torments them; and as power is on the side of the oppressor, these faithful servants of Christ have been often called and enabled to seal their testimony with blood, striving against sin, Rev. 11:7. Nevertheless, following the Lamb, the Faithful and True Witness and the Captain of their salvation; and, in imitation of his example, witnessing both actively and passively; however some of them may fall from time to time in the contest, they do finally overcome by his blood and the word of their testimony. They that are with him are called and chosen and faithful, Rev. 12:11; Rev. 17:14.

Having thus treated briefly of the witnesses: the cause in controversy, their number, character, furniture and work; some application of the whole subject to the moral condition of society in our own time, will be reasonably expected. For the mere admission that “all Scripture is given by inspiration of God,” however orthodox in itself, is essentially defective as a confession of faith of the Christian’s faith—much more defective when viewed as a confession of faith by the church organic.[5] The Holy Spirit teaches so, very explicitly when he adds, “and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,” 2 Tim. 3:16.

Much more might be advanced on our present subject in a doctrinal and expository way; but for the present, let the foregoing suffice. Something for further illustration of Scripture symbols may incidentally occur in the following improvement:

  1. Since it is the mission of Christ’s witnesses to urge his claims upon the individual, the family, the church and the state; it may be proper to inquire whether individuals favored with a dispensation of the gospel receive Christ’s instruction as a prophet, receive his atonement and rely on his intercession as a priest, and submit to his authority as a king? And it is easy to see that multitudes in Christendom refuse to recognize the claims of our Redeemer in all these respects. The infidel, setting his mouth against the heavens, refuses Christ’s instruction, and walks on in darkness. Going on frowardly in the way of his heart, and boasting of superior illumination, derived from the rudiments of the world–especially the supposed infallible teachings of geology, he ventures on the journey of life by the light of the sparks of his own kindling, and with an awful peradventure passes the confines of time into the blackness of darkness forever. The self-righteous either denies the necessity of Christ’s sacrifice for the sins of men, or its reality, or views it as general, and so without a definite object, and consequently that it may be vain–that while it is available by mankind universally in the divine intention, the result may possibly be that Messiah may never see (absit blasphemia!) one of the travail of his soul! Of course such a one feels no need of Christ’s intercession—of the Spirit to help his infirmities. He can, without the meditation of the great High Priest, thank God that he is not as other men are, Luke 18:11. Another, with haughty independence, asks, “Who is the Lord that I should obey him? I will not have this man to reign.” The same description of individual language and conduct applies to families—Christian families! Christian churches! Christian states! If this be true of a nominally Christian world, then the cause of the witnesses is both real and weighty, and their testimony is not yet finished.
  2. The witnesses are yet living and they must continue like their Lord, till they shall have finished their work; and that will not come to a close till the devil’s two witnesses—the ten-horned and two-horned beasts—are destroyed, Rev. 19:20. For it is for the express purpose of confronting in open court these enemies of God and of his cause on earth, that they were appointed by Christ, and are numerically two. They are set for the defense of the gospel—that gospel which is to establish a kingdom of righteousness and peace upon earth, Is. 32:1. The retainers of Antichrist, whether of his civil or ecclesiastical department, often admonish the witnesses to “preach the gospel and let civil government alone:” that “the magistrate has nothing to do with religion,” etc. So persecuted they the prophets which were before them, Ex. 10:28, 1 Kings 18:17, Amos 7:12-13. Through the concurrent and progressive testimony of these two prophets, every word shall be established against the opposing lies of the beast and the false prophet which they have learned of the father of lies, Rev. 16:13. It is an amazing instance of infatuation that the testimony of two men is sustained as true in all other cases, while the testimony of Christ’s witnesses is rejected! Yet divine and human fellowship is predicated upon their testimony, 1 John 1:1-3. They can not die nor lawfully cease from their work till the sanctuary is cleansed and the kingdoms of this world become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ,[6]Dan. 8:14, Rev. 11:15. A scriptural magistracy and a gospel ministry are to be established on the earth.
  3. Their character as witnesses subjects these servants of the Lord to a close scrutiny. The dragon desires to have them that he may sift them as wheat; and often causes them to appear before kings, councils and ecclesiastical courts, that he may either destroy their souls through terror, or their natural lives by the flames, or the credibility of their evidence, by loading them with reproach, charging them with enthusiasm, fanaticism, schism, sedition, rebellion, treason, etc.; saying all manner of evil against them for Christ’s sake. But all these things are said against them falsely; for none of them has suffered as a thief, or as a murderer, or as a busybody in other men’s matters. Thus it appears that their character has been sufficiently tested according to the forms of law. They only are marked with a character that is indellible; for it is impressed upon their foreheads with the seal of the living God, Rev. 7:2-8; and they are not afraid or ashamed to exhibit it in the most public manner, even on the summit of Mount Zion, ch. 14:1. This indicates whose they are and whom they serve; for, while this seal or name may have some reference to the ordinance of baptism, it points more directly to the thing signified by baptism, namely: that they belong to the adorable Trinity as covenant property, and bear true allegiance to the Lord’s Anointed. However their names may be cast out as evil, it is their comfort and honor that their record is on high—their names in the Lamb’s Book of Life. Through grace they have been enabled to live soberly, righteously and godly—blameless and harmless as the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse community, among whom they have shone as lights in the world.

Moreover, it is to be noticed as a distinguishing trait in the character of these two witnesses, that they are loaded with infamy. If they were of the world, the world would love his own; but because they are not of the world, but Christ has chosen them out of the world, therefore the world hateth them. Woe unto them when all men speak well of them. If they be reproached, it is for the name of Christ. This is a special part of his cross which they are required to take up daily and follow him.

In bearing this cross after Jesus, they are greatly encouraged by considering him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself; for, if they have called the Master of the house Beelzebub, how much more those of his household. They know that the world hated him before it hated them; and they have his promise, that if they suffer with him, they shall be glorified together. Having this confidence, they voluntarily go forth unto him, without the camp of Antichrist, bearing his reproach; and so are not reckoned among the nations, Rev. 18:4. Being strangers and pilgrims on the earth, their true character is of course unknown; still the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal: The Lord knoweth them that are his, 2 Tim. 2:19. Quere: How many churches or Christians in our day bear these peculiar and distinguishing marks of Christ’s witnesses?

  1. All the resources of the covenant, and all the fullness of the covenant Head, being pledged to these witnesses, their furniture is as ample as they can possibly desire. None of it, however, is superfluous. Luther on the continent, and Knox in the British Isles, required the courage of the lion to brave the wrath of the “man of sin:” to sustain the fire sent down from heaven—the fulminations of the Romish Vatican. Calvin, Melancthon and others, needed the far-reaching vision of the eagle, the laborious patience of the calf or young ox, to penetrate and expose the sophisms of wily priests, to deal with the open blasphemies of shameless libertines, and thus disclose the mysteries of the mother of harlots and abominations of the earth, Rev. 4:7. Thus the woman clothed with the sun—the church of Christ—was blessed with a son (a male), who was destined to rule all nations: an offspring to fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to all nations, ch. 12:1,5—Rev. 14:6. Instead of worshiping devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood; which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk–all which was inculcated by the church of Rome—these servants of Christ obeying his call, Rev. 18:4, came out of her, and taught their fellow sinners to fear God, and worship him that made heaven and earth, etc.

The same furniture enabled their successors to carry forward the work of reformation thus auspiciously begun; and to make great advancement in building upon the scriptural foundation thus laid. For although in tracing the history of the Lord’s work in delivering New Testament Zion, out of captivity in mystical Babylon, some may consider the first of the three angels, Rev. 14:6-9, as including Luther, Calvin, etc., as identified with the famous and faithful Waldenses: perhaps there is greater accuracy in associating the witnesses on the continent, and the British Isles in the sixteenth century, as harmonizing with the second symbolic angel. That these angels signify a gospel ministry is clear, Rev. 1:20. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, chapters two and three throughout. Nothing short of divine power is adequate to reform a single sinner, and nothing less could accomplish the reformation of an Antichristian world. Christ gave these his servants power according to his promise, “God also bearing them witness—with gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will.” Whatever the achievements of Christ’s witnesses, they are ever ready to acknowledge the excellency of the power to have been of God, saying with heroic but humble Paul, “yet not we, but the grace of God which was with us.”

In their struggles with Antichristian foes, the witnesses found it expedient to take hold of God’s strength, which they often did by taking hold of his covenant. This scriptural measure cemented their union, purged out rebels and inspired them with renewed courage. Covenanting with God and with each other was practiced both in Europe and Britain. At such time the witnesses were to their opposers terrible as an army with banners. And although this expedient is natural to man—all nations being in the practice of making covenants relative to their earthly interests—it is peculiar to these witnesses to assert and maintain the divine origin and permanent moral nature of public covenanting with God, both in ecclesiastical and national capacity. The only plausible objection offered by opponents to the doctrine and practice of public social covenanting is taken from the assumption, that it is superseded by the sacraments, especially the Lord’s supper. The assumption has never been proved, and it is utterly groundless, as will at once appear to any unbiased mind, by considering that God instituted all three forms of taking hold of his covenant. If it be so that baptism and the Lord’s supper are substantially the same seals of the covenant as circumcision and the Passover; then the consequence is inevitable, that as the whole people of Israel were taken and engaged to God at Sinai, he judged the two preceding forms incomplete. And since the privileges of God’s covenant people are enlarged, not abridged, under the New Testament dispensation, and that public covenanting was matter of frequent prediction and promise under the Old Testament dispensation; it follows that this instrumentality is to be continued and exemplified. Accordingly we have the witnesses historically represented as resorting to this divine ordinance, both in trying and prosperous times as a special means of reformation. In the British Isles the first and second reformation were effected in this manner. The National Covenant is a standing monument of emancipation from Popery by the witnesses; and the Solemn League marks with equal distinctness their onward progress till they successfully shook off the remaining shackles of anti-Christian prelacy. These public documents embody the substance of God’s testimony and law, the supreme standard of social organization, the only permanent foundation of church and state—of civil and religious liberty. For although these covenants are binding formally upon the churches and nations of Britain only; yet the principles which they embrace and exhibit to the world, are morally obligatory upon all churches and nations upon earth. After the awful violation of these solemn vows to the Most High, by a large majority of those who made them; the witnesses continued to own them. This fidelity on their part became the occasion of their mother’s children being angry with them. Those who had gone back into mystical Egypt, and such as looked to Assyria for alliance, not only deserted the true witnesses—”the society people”—but often betrayed the greatest malignity and cruelty towards their covenant brethren. This treachery, perjury and inhumanity furnished occasion for displaying the testimony of the witnesses in new forms. To meet the exigencies of the case, when a price was set upon the heads of some, and others were actually killed all the day long—when they could neither act in concert nor in a judicative capacity; and when there was no access to the press to give publicity and efficacy to their testimony: those heroic wanderers and invincible patriots draughted occasional “testimonies, declarations and protestations,” and affixed them to the most public and conspicuous places in the land. They were engaged in their Master’s service and the power of Christ rested on them, often to the conviction of their adversaries. The Lord Jesus visibly fulfilled his promise in giving power to his witnesses. The Westminster Standards as received by the church of Scotland, were the landmarks which their fathers had set; the covenants were the most compendious form of those landmarks: and while defending the landmarks by the papers which they emitted in their defense, and by reiterated declarations of adherence to the covenants, noting and confessing the breaches of them, the witnesses made real progress in the application of their principles to individual and social life, until the whole of their attainments were embodied in that standing monument to their achievement—the Judicial Testimony, 1761.

  1. It remains to consider the work of these two commissioned, and famous witnesses, as it has a bearing upon the moral condition of society in our own time. This part of the subject may be advantageously handled, and brought within the comprehension of the general reader, by attempting to furnish answers to such questions as may naturally arise in his mind. After all that has been said in the preceding pages, it will not be thought impertinent when we hear the inquiry, so often made after all that has been written by our fathers, “Who are the witnesses?” Many and conflicting answers have been given. And the contradictory nature of those answers furnishes occasion, while it is not the cause of doubt. The cause why we err, in this as in other instances, is our culpable ignorance—not knowing the Scriptures. The Papists say Enoch and Elijah are the witnesses, to appear sometime before the end of the world. This is a vain imagination for the simple reason that the witnesses are to prophesy 1260 years—much longer than the age of Methuselah. Others think the Old and New Testaments are the witnesses. The witnesses die, Rev. 11:7, but the word of God liveth and abideth forever, 1 Pet. 1:23. Again, we are told that John Huss and Jerome were the witnesses. It is sufficient to reply, that they were too short-lived. But, not to mention other crude and groundless fancies, it may be sufficient to affirm, that the witnesses are a select and competent number of professing Christians, employed by Christ and empowered by him, as declared in the text, to confront and withstand Antichrist in the invasion of the rights of God and man. Among these, faithful ministers of the gospel as ambassadors for Christ occupy a conspicuous position.

No two individuals, either in public office or private life, ever did or ever will constitute the witnesses, although even this erroneous conceit has been facetiously or maliciously applied or attributed to them both of old and of late, being part of the reproaches of Christ endured by those noble martyrs and distinguished patriots, Donald Cargil and Richard Cameron. Yes, lewd fellows of the baser sort attempted to bespatter their holy characters with such filth as was congenial to their vile calumniators.

Again, it may be asked, “How can the witnesses live so long—a thousand two hundred and sixty years?” Answer: In their posterity or successors. See Rev. 11:11. And their lives are not limited even to that period, for when their enemies shall have been utterly destroyed, they shall live and reign with Christ a thousand years, Rev. 20:4—not as witnesses but as kings and judges.

Seeing we have considered the company consisting of a hundred and forty and four thousand, as constituting or identifying with the witnesses, Rev. 7:4, 14:1, how is this number reconcilable with the number two? To this it may be replied: The reader ought not to entertain the Papal or Protestant misapprehension, that two individuals are intended. For this, as was said, is a groundless error. Moreover, the prime reason beyond doubt why the witnesses are represented as numerically two is because the god of this world has his two witnesses: the beast of the sea and the beast of the earth. These must be as it were confronted in person. Thus while all the world, in their own vaunting style, are worshiping the beast; the Lamb’s book of life contains the names of the minority. They are the little flock, to whom it is their Father’s good pleasure to give the millennial kingdom. Some of these may be found in the camp of the enemy for a time, as Luther, Knox, and others of less note: yea, they may linger as Lot in Sodom, as the captives in Babylon, while Christ is calling upon them to come out, Rev. 18:4. But in his accepted time he will give efficacy to the call, so that not one shall be found among the doomed community, when the deluge of wrath comes—when Babylon is overthrown.

Another inquiry may arise here: “Why are the witnesses so few that they are represented by the number two?” In this way Christ is more glorified, and the Father in him. His own glory is God’s ultimate and highest end in all his works; and thus out of the mouth of babes and sucklings he perfects praise. He chooses the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty. Besides, the principles which the witnesses profess, and the practices which they exemplify are not adapted to the taste of the world. All who embrace their testimony must count upon bearing Christ’s cross, upon opposition from the world of the ungodly. No man may expect, if of their company, to enjoy the honors or emoluments of office, either civil or ecclesiastic—to be permitted either to buy or sell in any of the streets of mystical Babylon. All who refuse to have Christ to reign over them, will contrive and establish legal barriers to exclude from places of power such as recognize practically Mediatory authority. The indulgence of the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of the eyes, and the pride of life will prove an insurmountable obstacle in the way of worldly men’s accession to the standard which God has given to them that fear him to be displayed because of the truth. The wine which mystical Babylon presents in her golden cups is intoxicating. Those who have once tasted its bewitching contents, are thereby incapacitated for understanding or embracing the word of Christ’s patience. As the intellect of the inebriate is clouded, and his conceptions obscured and confused, so is it with the votaries of Antichrist. They can not see afar off. The interest of Christ, the glory of Immanuel, is too high for them; they can not attain unto it. His judgements are far above, out of their sight.

Lastly, the witnesses are few, because so hath the Lord ordained. Known unto God are all his works from the foundation of the world, and he worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. Infinite in knowledge and almighty in power, it is alike to him to save by many or by few—by instruments or without them. As he knoweth them that are his, being comprehended within the election of free grace; so he has unalterably ordained the exact number of the witnesses. He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names; so he does in the case of his witnesses, as Paul, Antipas, Acts 9:11. To him whose understanding is infinite, the number of the witnesses is as certain and definite as two is to us.

Again, it may be asked why the witnesses are so calumniated in the world? And it is easy to answer: Because they testify of it that the works thereof are evil. Thus it was in the experience of their Lord, and for the same reason. “The Son of man came eating and drinking and they say, Behold a gluttonous man and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. John the baptist came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, he hath a devil.” If the witnesses neither eat flesh nor drink wine, nor do anything whereby a brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak, if they eat and drink whatsoever is set before them, asking no questions for conscience sake; the men of the world, but especially the more zealous votaries of Antichrist, will be sure to turn either kind of action to their reproach. And when the man of sin fails to secure compliance with his commands to abstain from meats, etc., then the dragon, cast out of heaven—defeated in his attempt to seduce the servants of Christ through the agency of the man of sin (ecclesiastical authority) —will come down to the earth (the body of general society), and endeavor to reach his object by tempting to a voluntary compliance, Rev. 11:12. Defeated in this masterpiece of his serpentine policy; he resorts to the next stratagem as accuser of the brethren—representing them as secretly the friends of all unrighteousness, with a view to destroy the credibility of their testimony. The great whore of Babylon—that woman Jezebel, the mother of harlots, with her numerous harlot daughters, the illegitimate progeny from her adulterous commerce with the kings of the earth—has ever hunted for the precious life of Christ’s witnesses; has been often drunk with their blood, and has always labored to cover their names with infamy; denouncing them as heretics, schismatics, etc. These two prophets have a name better than of sons and of daughters, even an everlasting name that shall not be cut off. The righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance, while those who falsely accuse their good conversation in Christ, shall be clothed with shame and everlasting contempt.

Seeing that the witnesses are few and feeble, often counted as sheep for the slaughter, and their enemies many and mighty–how is it that they survive? Simply on the principle that the bush burned and was not consumed–the Lord was in the bush, Ex. 3:3,4. Greater is he that is in them, than he that is in the world, 1 John 4:4. In the furnace of fire, in the lion’s den, on the scaffold or at the stake, these witnesses enjoy special communion with their glorious Lord. They have ascended the rounds of the fatal ladder with less trepidation than they ascended the steps of the pulpit—their souls leaning on their Beloved, and realizing his promise: “When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned, neither shall the flame kindle upon thee: for I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour. Surely in the floods of great waters, they shall not come nigh unto them.” Wisdom is commended, patriotism is eulogized, heroism is applauded–all these properties are possessed and displayed by the witnesses of Christ in greater measure and harmony than in any others of the human race. As natural endowments, they come from God, and may be seen in the military conduct or cabinet counsel of such men as Joab, Jehu, Ahithophel; but it is only when they are the gracious gifts of the Spirit of Christ that they fit men for such achievements as entitle them to rank among the great cloud of witnesses, Heb. 11:32-34. The sensible presence of Christ by his Spirit, the Comforter, applying his promises to the heart; and his witnessing thus with their spirits that they are the children of God, enables these witnesses, like Moses and Elijah, to endure as seeing Him who is invisible, to become mighty in word and deed. Yes, they that do know their God shall be strong and do exploits, while such as do wickedly against the covenant shall be corrupted by flatteries, Dan. 11:32. Throughout all the eventful period since the Antichrist arose, Christ has made good his promise to these famous witnesses; they have hitherto received power, all requisite furniture, enabling them to continue their prophecy against all the combined forces and forces and frauds of that cruel, subtle and implacable enemy. Assuredly they shall finish their testimony: for to this end they are called and chosen faithful.

On the last branch of our subject, which is much the most important; namely, the special work for the accomplishing of which Christ appointed the two witnesses, it will be necessary to enlarge in making an application. Their work consisting, as we have seen, in contending for all divine truth, in its practical bearing upon individual and social man; and in opposing whatsoever is contrary to sound doctrine and the power of godliness: it may be inquired, “What is their peculiar and appropriate work in the present condition of the world?”

Assuming that the doctrine, worship, government and discipline of the Church of Christ; as also, the constitution and administration of civil government were duly settled according to the divine pattern in the Holy Scriptures, as exhibited in the symbols of the covenanted reformation, compiled at Westminster, and as these were received by the Church of Scotland; it would follow that the special business of Christ’s witnesses is to build upon that foundation. But inasmuch as that glorious reformation was really and speedily overthrown in the British Isles; and the scriptural foundation then laid, has been since covered with accumulating heaps of Antichristian rubbish; much of the labor of their legitimate successors has been employed in removing this, and in endeavoring to keep the foundation visible.

The whole of that work was completed, so far as it progressed, by an open profession of faith in Christ, and a solemn engagement to obey his law—both sealed in covenant form. Both the principles deduced from the lively Oracles, and the manner of their application in individual and social life, are to be ascertained only from history. The various steps of defection or apostasy from that reformation can be known only from history. The witnesses have put upon record a narrative of their own “life and times,” and they only are qualified for that work. In vain will any inquirer find their true character or work delineated in the pages of the popular writers of civil and ecclesiastical history, much less in the historical romance which Babylon’s sons and daughters have fabricated for the amusement of “her tender little ones.” As these two witnesses represent and embody God’s covenant society, so they are the only truly historical community whose annals run parallel with the wheels of time. Cities are razed, and perished with them is their memorial; kingdoms arise in the earth, and flourish for a time, but they are soon supplanted by others; it is otherwise with Zion—God will establish her forever.

It has been the aim of Antichrist all along to divide and conquer these witnesses. The civil and ecclesiastical beasts act in concert for their overthrow. The two-horned beast—the false prophet—makes it his business to “steal the words of God,” with a design to deceive them that dwell upon the earth. Each assumes to exercise the prerogatives of Christ—to reign by divine right—a right from heaven to act on earth as the vicegerents of the Mediator. Thus all the heads of the civil beast are marked with the names of blasphemy, Rev. 13:1. “And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven”—the witnesses, v. 6. To this he is instigated by the false prophet, who in Christ’s name, blaspheming his name, demands and commands “submission to the powers that be.” The pope of Rome and his vassals, who are the antitypes of the ten horns of the first beast, and who have learned this policy from their spiritual father, all assume a blasphemous headship over the church within their civil jurisdiction. The purple clad woman sits upon the scarlet-colored beast—the almost living symbols of an apostate church and state, the former directing and urging the latter to deeds of blood: for both are represented with garments dyed in the blood of the saints. It is their meat and their drink to do the will of their father, who was a murderer from the beginning. And here it is proper to notice, that not only on the continent of Europe, but in Protestant Britain, the mitre and the crown have often been stained with the blood of the martyrs. Yes, at the present moment [in 1859] that horn of the beast insults the majesty of heaven—denies the Father and the Son—by giving an establishment to paganism in India, Popery in Canada, Prelacy in England and Ireland, and a restricted Presbyterianism in Scotland—the chief magistrate being head of all these churches—and all by the authority of Christ, “by the grace of God!” Can any thing be conceived more blasphemous? Such facts as these the witnesses collect from history—bring them to the law and to the testimony, and in the name of the Lord pass judgment upon them. Deprive them of history as a term of communion, and they are deprived of life. The same is true of argument. They must confess their fathers’ sins with their own; they must have understanding of the times; they must assert and maintain the Protestant doctrine against the man of sin: “that all necessary deductions from the words of scripture, are of divine authority:” and these things cannot be done without the use of history and argument.

But it will be asked, “Does not saving faith rest on divine testimony?” Certainly. But when did the two witnesses believe or teach that saving faith is a term, and especially the only term, of communion in the visible church of Christ? Never. They left that dogma with the infallible fraternity of Rome and their legitimate progeny, the enthusiasts of Germany and affiliated sectaries of England, Baptists and other Independents. Christ’s witnesses have not professed to have the miraculous gift of discerning spirits. All such power, and signs, and lying wonders, they habitually renounced and cordially detested, as may be seen in their historical footsteps, marked down in their solemn covenants. The terms of communion among the witnesses are resolvable into an agreement in principle and practice, deduced from the Holy Scriptures by themselves. And they have told us that “to shift the terms of church fellowship from such agreement, to the supposed goodness of persons, is a most dangerous” course. Let their professed followers be admonished by their matured judgment and experience. God established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers that they should make them known to their children. Alas! to many of the children—teachers and taught—these things are a blank, as a book that is sealed. “Reformation Principles Exhibited,”[7]without correspondent practices, The Banner of the Covenant,[8]together with other cognate false lights, have well nigh quenched the light in many minds, of our covenanted testimony. This, also was the effort of the Indulged in Scotland, in the seventeenth century, after the national overthrow of the “cause of God.” They and their abettors conspired to obstruct the rays of heavenly light which the witnesses endeavored to diffuse in their guilty land. Such struggles will be made by the carnal mind to exclude that light which when admitted, gives energy to the accusations of a guilty conscience. Such rebel against the light—quench the Spirit, and furnish occasion for “faithful contendings;” yea, “earnest contendings” and “wrestlings” on the part of the witnesses.[9]The witnesses have affirmed constantly, that faith without works is dead, being alone; that there must be a continuance in both doctrine and fellowship, to evince their apostolic origin and legitimate succession.

But in view of the light and social progress of the nineteenth century—the multitude of benevolent societies organized for the express purpose of effecting political, moral and spiritual reform—what place is found, what occasion given, for the continuance of the witnesses? Are not the nations of Europe and America all avowedly Christian states? And are not the churches, Christian churches? especially Protestant churches, the churches of the Reformation?

Such questions are popular and prevalent, and the objections which they imply contain a degree of plausibility. Let the following facts be considered:

Human nature is corrupt; man is helpless since the fall, Gen. 6:5, Rom. 3:10-18. The prevailing theory of man’s recuperative powers is at once at variance with scripture and experience, Rom. 5:6. Wars and fightings come of the lusts of men. Duellings, robberies, murders, accompanied by all circumstances of cruelty and brutality continue to be perpetrated in city and country, as attested in the current news of the day. By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood. All this is verified in private and social life. Now of such elements are composed the social organizations of mankind. Man is an enemy to man, because he is first an enemy to God. And the unjust judge, whether in ecclesiastical or civil judicature, who fears not God, will not regard man. Such are the little antichrists who, in the aggregate constitute the great Antichrist, who denies the Father and the Son. It is still the character of the civil beast, that there is given him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, Rev. 13:5. The same is true of the little horn—the ecclesiastical beast—the false prophet, Dan. 7:25, Rev. 13:11, 19:20. And their combined blasphemies are never so blasphemous as when uttered in the name of the Lord, by divine authority. As Christ’s vicegerent, the Pope, forbids to marry, and commands to abstain from meats–institutes sacraments, holy days, image-worship, etc., and anathematizes all recusants! “By the grace of God” the sovereign of the British Empire, among other blasphemies, usurps Christ’s throne, as “supreme judge in all causes, as well ecclesiastical as civil”—dictates the faith and worship of the subject, except those authoritatively tolerated! By an equal usurpation of Jehovah’s prerogative, “the people of the United States” disown any “higher law,” abrogate any “religious test,” and “ordain” slavery–trading in the bodies and souls of men—subjecting the life, liberty and property of about every sixth person to the despotic will of his fellow—attempting, with equal impiety and inconsistency, to ratify and confirm the enormity, by an appeal to “patriarchal institutions!”—On his heads the name of blasphemy. All the remarks apply, in whole or in part, to every other nation within the geographical boundaries of Christendom.

Next, it may be asked: “Are the churches implicated in these sacrilegious robberies of God and invasions of human rights?” Yes. Though the princes be chief in the trespass, the priests, and prophets, and all the people of the lands are involved. There is an “unholy alliance” existing, and of long continuance, betwixt the two beasts. The beast of the earth causes all both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond; to receive a mark in their right hand or in their foreheads, Rev. 13:16. The mark is that of the first or civil beast at the instigation of the other—an apostate church commands, under awful pains and penalties, allegiance to the civil power, v. 13. The same alliance and co-operation is presented more plainly, ch. 17:1-3. The woman is carried by the beast—the beast is controlled by the woman, v. 7—the church is supported by the state, the state is molded by the church—there are Cardinals and Lord-bishops in the legislatures and cabinets of the nations; and there are many, very many other ecclesiastics who, though destitute of titles of dignity, wear soft raiment and are in kings’ palaces.

Could Popery exist in Spain, France, Austria—Prelacy in England and Ireland—without the influence of the hierarchy? Could infidelity, slavery, Mormonism exist in the United States without the concurrence of the church? And what shall be said of Freemasonry, Odd-Fellowship and kindred combinations of Christians and infidels, whether angels of light or of darkness; but that they are all the inventions of men, whose faith no longer relies on the ordinances of divine institution. Substitutes they are, and often avowedly so, for the resources of the covenant of grace; which, it is assumed, has failed to reform the human race. This is the doing of the false prophet—the mother of harlots—who is equally the mother of all these abominations. The kings of the earth, and many others, have committed spiritual fornication with the mother and many of her daughters. The golden cup, worldly gain and sensual gratification, have proved irresistible incentives to multitudes in the church as well as in the state, to renounce allegiance to Zion’s King, the Prince of the kings of the earth. And while these unhallowed combinations continue to subvert or counteract the great ordinances of heavenly origin—a gospel ministry and a scriptural magistracy—the witnesses must prophesy. To give testimony against them, and judicially to pass sentence upon them, is their appropriate work; and, like their divine Lord and exemplar, they shall not fail nor be discouraged till he, through their instrumentality, has set judgment in the earth. The kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ. The little stone, cut out without hands, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; and they shall take the kingdom and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever.

God’s people sing of mercy and of judgment, Ps. 101:1, and their prayers are often answered by terrible things in righteousness, 65:5; they are his remembrancers, Isa. 43:26; and all the judgment denounced against the enemies of the church are mercies promised to the Church, Ps. 136:17-20; so that the harvest of God’s wrath and the vintage—the final overthrow of rebellious nations and apostate churches—is to take place in answer to the prayer of the witnesses, Rev. 14:15-18. He has engaged all his perfections to avenge his own elect that cry unto him. When he maketh inquisition for blood–especially martyr blood, he then remembereth the humble, ch. 6:9-10, he forgetteth not their prayer.[10]This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth—great Babylon shall come in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath; and the kings of the earth, that have committed fornication with her will so change their policy, that the hatred wherewith they shall hate her will so change their policy, shall be greater than the love wherewith they loved her; for God hath put in their hearts to fulfill his will, and to agree and give their kingdom unto the beast till the words of God shall be fulfilled. Then the ten horns shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh and burn her with fire—for strong is the Lord God that judgeth her.

Thus are the witnesses destined to overcome the confederated hosts of Antichrist by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and while the high praises of God are in their mouth, they will invoke the aid of all holy beings in setting forth the glory of God and of the Lamb, saying, “Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets, for God hath avenged you on her.” Thus shall these two prophets, in view of their enemies, ascend to the heaven of civil and ecclesiastical power, ch. 11:12, 20:4, and reign with Christ a thousand years. Standing on the sea of glass, mingled with fire, they will celebrate their victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name. Their victory will be complete, their triumph glorious. Let us, uninfluenced by the popular theology and unscriptural worship of our time, adopt their principles, cultivate their spirit and emulate their example, their praise and their prayers. “Arise, O God, judge the earth! for thou shalt inherit all nations.” [11]

Appendix and other notes can be found offsite here.

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